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Maret 27, 2017

gadis genit: syarat BERLAKU, PISANk bwat otak n jantung … 070411_270317

Filed under: Medicine — bumi2009fans @ 12:03 am

Potassium intake for adults and children

Guidance summary*

WHO recommendations

WHO recommends an increase in potassium intake from food to reduce blood pressure and risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke and coronary heart disease in adults. WHO suggests a potassium intake of at least 90 mmol/day (3510 mg/day) for adults.

WHO suggests an increase in potassium intake from food to control** blood pressure in children aged 2–15 years. The recommended potassium intake of at least 90 mmol/day in adults should be adjusted downward for children, based on the energy requirements of children relative to those of adults.


  • For this recommendation, “adults” includes all individuals ≥16 years of age.
  • For this recommendation, “children” includes all individuals 2–15 years of age.
  • The recommendation for children does not address the recommended period of exclusive breastfeeding (0–6 months) or the period of complementary feeding with continued breastfeeding (6–24 months).
  • These recommendations apply to all individuals, with or without hypertension (including pregnant and lactating women) except for those with impaired urinary potassium excretion.
  • These recommendations do not address the optimal ratio of sodium to potassium; however, if this guideline and the WHO guideline on sodium consumption are achieved, the molar ratio of sodium to potassium would be approximately one to one. To maintain this molar ratio at higher levels of sodium consumption, the recommended level of intake of ≥90 mmol/day potassium should be increased.
  • These recommendations complement the WHO guideline on sodium consumption and should not be interpreted to replace or supersede that guideline. Public health interventions should aim to increase potassium intake through foods, and to simultaneously reduce sodium intake.
  • The recommended level of intake of ≥90 mmol/day is a conditional recommendation for adults because there is limited evidence regarding the precise level that will result in maximum health benefits. The recommendation is informed by moderate and high-quality evidence that consuming potassium at ≥90 mmol/day will provide a health benefit. However, the recommendation recognizes that the value may change if there are additional high-quality trials that determine the precise level of potassium intake that achieves the most favourable reduction in blood pressure and risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke and coronary heart disease, without a negative effect on other health outcomes such as blood lipids and catecholamine levels.
  • The recommendation to increase potassium intake in children is conditional, because few studies in children have considered the effects of increased potassium on blood pressure, blood lipids, catecholamine levels, and other possible adverse effects. The recommendation is based on a limited amount of low-quality direct evidence from children, and moderate-quality indirect evidence from adults. Because renal function is fully developed early in childhood, an adult population is an appropriate proxy population for informing guidelines for children. This recommendation recognizes that there is a need for high-quality RCTs, to verify the effects of potassium intake on blood pressure and potential adverse effects in children. An adjustment in intake, based on energy requirement, is recommended because the relatively high energy intake on a per body-weight basis during periods of rapid growth implies a risk that the recommended level of potassium intake could be too low if adjustments to the adult recommended value are made on a per body-weight basis. Every country should determine the requirement of various age categories of the paediatric population relative to adults 20–50 years of age, to adjust the recommended minimum intake value of 90 mmol/day. If country-specific data are not available, data from another country with similar population demographics and dietary habits can be used to make this adjustment.
  • These recommendations recognize that non-acclimated individuals engaged in intense physical activities (especially at high temperatures) for extended periods of time, resulting in the production of large volumes of sweat, should consume higher levels of potassium to replace potassium losses via sweat. For most individuals, sufficient potassium to replace such losses can be consumed through food, without the need for specially formulated food and beverage products.
  • It is recommended that potassium be consumed through food. Because of the safety of consumption of increased potassium via food, no upper limit has been considered.

* This is an extract from the relevant guideline (1). Additional guidance information can be found in this document.
** “Control” for this recommendation refers to the prevention of a deleterious rise in blood pressure with age.


1. WHO. Guideline: Potassium intake for adults and children. Geneva, World Health Organization; 2009 (http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/guidelines/potassium_intake/en/).

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TEMPO.CO, Tulungagung – Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Dr Iskak Kabupaten Tulungagung dinobatkan menjadi rumah sakit pemerintah pertama yang memiliki fasilitas pemasangan ring jantung berstandar internasional. Selama ini penanganan serupa hanya dimiliki rumah sakit jantung swasta Harapan Kita di Jakarta.

Sejak dua bulan terakhir RSUD Dr Iskak Tulungagung telah memiliki layanan kateterisasi jantung di ruang gawat darurat. “Dalam hitungan menit, pasien serangan jantung bisa dideteksi titik penyumbatannya untuk dibuka melalui kateterisasi,” kata Ketua Perhimpunan Intervensi Kardiologi Indonesia (PIKI) Sunarya Soerianata, saat memboyong puluhan dokter jantung dari seluruh Indonesia ke Tulungagung, Sabtu 25 Maret 2017.

Rokok Elektrik Tingkatkan Risiko Penyakit Jantung
Benarkah Disfungsi Ereksi Tanda Penyakit Jantung?

Layanan kateterisasi di ruang gawat darurat ini, menurut Sunarya, diklaim mampu menurunkan risiko kematian pasien jantung hingga 50 persen. Sebab potensi kematian pasien rata-rata dipengaruhi oleh keterlambatan penanganan yang rentang waktu dari serangan tak lebih 30 menit. Masa kritis melakukan tindakan penyelamatan inilah yang bisa diperpendek melalui layanan kateterisasi di ruang gawat darurat RSUD dr Iskak.

Dalam hitungan 3–5 menit, tim di ruang gawat darurat akan bisa merekam dan menemukan sumbatan, lalu membedah pembuluh darah yang tersumbat. “Kami berharap kelak seluruh rumah sakit pemerintah bisa melakukan ini,” ujar Sunarya.

Infrastruktur di ruang darurat rumah sakit, penyediaan tenaga medis yang sudah terlatih di tiap kecamatan juga menjadi kunci suksesnya terobosan ini. “Kami juga memiliki 40 mobil ambulan yang dilengkapi dengan tenaga, obat, dan peralatan jantung di dalamnya,” kata Direktur RSUD Dr Iskak, Supriyanto.

Maps of the lymphatic system: old (left) and updated to reflect UVA’s discovery.
Credit: University of Virginia Health System

science daily: In a stunning discovery that overturns decades of textbook teaching, researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have determined that the brain is directly connected to the immune system by vessels previously thought not to exist. That such vessels could have escaped detection when the lymphatic system has been so thoroughly mapped throughout the body is surprising on its own, but the true significance of the discovery lies in the effects it could have on the study and treatment of neurological diseases ranging from autism to Alzheimer’s disease to multiple sclerosis.

“Instead of asking, ‘How do we study the immune response of the brain?’ ‘Why do multiple sclerosis patients have the immune attacks?’ now we can approach this mechanistically. Because the brain is like every other tissue connected to the peripheral immune system through meningeal lymphatic vessels,” said Jonathan Kipnis, PhD, professor in the UVA Department of Neuroscience and director of UVA’s Center for Brain Immunology and Glia (BIG). “It changes entirely the way we perceive the neuro-immune interaction. We always perceived it before as something esoteric that can’t be studied. But now we can ask mechanistic questions.”

“We believe that for every neurological disease that has an immune component to it, these vessels may play a major role,” Kipnis said. “Hard to imagine that these vessels would not be involved in a [neurological] disease with an immune component.”

New Discovery in Human Body

Kevin Lee, PhD, chairman of the UVA Department of Neuroscience, described his reaction to the discovery by Kipnis’ lab: “The first time these guys showed me the basic result, I just said one sentence: ‘They’ll have to change the textbooks.’ There has never been a lymphatic system for the central nervous system, and it was very clear from that first singular observation — and they’ve done many studies since then to bolster the finding — that it will fundamentally change the way people look at the central nervous system’s relationship with the immune system.”

Even Kipnis was skeptical initially. “I really did not believe there are structures in the body that we are not aware of. I thought the body was mapped,” he said. “I thought that these discoveries ended somewhere around the middle of the last century. But apparently they have not.”

‘Very Well Hidden’

The discovery was made possible by the work of Antoine Louveau, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow in Kipnis’ lab. The vessels were detected after Louveau developed a method to mount a mouse’s meninges — the membranes covering the brain — on a single slide so that they could be examined as a whole. “It was fairly easy, actually,” he said. “There was one trick: We fixed the meninges within the skullcap, so that the tissue is secured in its physiological condition, and then we dissected it. If we had done it the other way around, it wouldn’t have worked.”

After noticing vessel-like patterns in the distribution of immune cells on his slides, he tested for lymphatic vessels and there they were. The impossible existed. The soft-spoken Louveau recalled the moment: “I called Jony [Kipnis] to the microscope and I said, ‘I think we have something.'”

As to how the brain’s lymphatic vessels managed to escape notice all this time, Kipnis described them as “very well hidden” and noted that they follow a major blood vessel down into the sinuses, an area difficult to image. “It’s so close to the blood vessel, you just miss it,” he said. “If you don’t know what you’re after, you just miss it.”

“Live imaging of these vessels was crucial to demonstrate their function, and it would not be possible without collaboration with Tajie Harris,” Kipnis noted. Harris, a PhD, is an assistant professor of neuroscience and a member of the BIG center. Kipnis also saluted the “phenomenal” surgical skills of Igor Smirnov, a research associate in the Kipnis lab whose work was critical to the imaging success of the study.

Alzheimer’s, Autism, MS and Beyond

The unexpected presence of the lymphatic vessels raises a tremendous number of questions that now need answers, both about the workings of the brain and the diseases that plague it. For example, take Alzheimer’s disease. “In Alzheimer’s, there are accumulations of big protein chunks in the brain,” Kipnis said. “We think they may be accumulating in the brain because they’re not being efficiently removed by these vessels.” He noted that the vessels look different with age, so the role they play in aging is another avenue to explore. And there’s an enormous array of other neurological diseases, from autism to multiple sclerosis, that must be reconsidered in light of the presence of something science insisted did not exist.

Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by University of Virginia Health System. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.

Journal Reference:

  1. Antoine Louveau, Igor Smirnov, Timothy J. Keyes, Jacob D. Eccles, Sherin J. Rouhani, J. David Peske, Noel C. Derecki, David Castle, James W. Mandell, Kevin S. Lee, Tajie H. Harris, Jonathan Kipnis. Structural and functional features of central nervous system lymphatic vessels. Nature, 2015; DOI: 10.1038/nature14432

Cite This Page:

University of Virginia Health System. “Missing link found between brain, immune system; major disease implications.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 1 June 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150601122445.htm>.

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time.com: New research shows having good heart health is important for cognitive function

Having a healthy heart can help preserve brain processing and cognitive function over time, according to a new study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researchers looked at whether meeting certain markers of a healthy heart—including not smoking, maintaining a healthy body weight, being physically active, having a good diet and keeping blood pressure and cholesterol in check—had an impact on people’s cognitive abilities.

In the study, more than 1,000 men and women over age 40 had brain tests that assessed their memory and brain processing abilities, like how fast they could do a focus-intensive task. Six years later, the people were tested again. The researchers found that having more of the healthy heart factors was linked to better brain processing years later. It was also associated with less decline in functions like memory and executive functions like time management and focus.

“Achieving these ideal factors is really important not just for cardiovascular health but also for brain health,” says study author Hannah Gardener, an epidemiologist at University of Miami. “Some people may be more motivated by preserving their cognitive health. So I think it’s important to emphasize that striving to achieve ideal levels on these seven factors may also help preserve cognitive health later in life.”

But you don’t have to be perfect, Gardener says none of the people in the study achieved the targets for all six of the health factors, suggesting that even improvements in some areas, if not all, can benefit the brain. “People shouldn’t feel discouraged if one or two feels out of reach,” she says.


Takut Stroke? Makan Pisang Setiap Hari!

Oleh: Dahlia Krisnamurti
Gaya Hidup – Rabu, 6 April 2011 | 22:09 WIB

big-dancing-banana-smiley-emoticonINILAH.COM, Jakarta – Pisang adalah buah yang banyak mengandung potasium yang berfungsi menstabilkan detak jantung, otak, dan proses fisiologi penting lainnya. Cukup makan pisang bisa ikut menurunkan risiko terkena stroke.

Stroke merupakan penyakit nomor tiga yang mematikan setelah jantung dan kanker. Karena itu, menjalani hidup sehat merupakan solusi jitu untuk mencegah penyakit berbahaya ini.

Peneliti dari Inggris dan Italia menyebutkan mengkonsumsi pisang tiga kali sehari layaknya minum obat akan memberikan kalium cukup untuk mengurangi kemungkinan menderita pembekuan darah di otak sekitar 21%.

Seseorang dianjurkan mengkonsumsi sekitar 2.300 mg potasium perhari. Sedangkan yang sering ditemukan, orang hanya mengkonsumsi kurang lebih 1.500 mg potasium per hari.

Pada pisang ditemukan kandungan potasium yang tinggi sebesar 400 mg yang setara dengan segelas orang juice atau kentang kukus.

Meskipun beberapa studi sebelumnya telah menyarankan pisang sebagai buah pencegah stroke, namun hal penting lainnya ialah mengendalikan tekanan darah, sebab hasilnya tidak selalu konsisten.

Dalam penelitian terbaru, yang diterbitkan dalam Journal of American College of Cardiology, para ilmuwan menganalisis data dari studi yang berbeda, kembali ke pertengahan tahun 1960an, dan digabungkan hasilnya untuk mendapatkan hasil keseluruhan.

Mereka menemukan orang hanya mengonsumsi kurang lebih 1.600 mg potasium per hari, kurang dari separuh jumlah kalium harian yang direkomendasikan untuk orang dewasa yaitu 3.500 mg.

Jika seseorang sudah cukup mengonsumsi kalium dengan jumlah tersebut, dijamin akan mendapat risiko stroke yang lebih rendah.

Pisang rata-rata mengandung sekitar 500 miligram kalium, yang membantu untuk menurunkan tekanan darah dan mengontrol keseimbangan cairan dalam tubuh. Terlalu sedikit kalium dapat mengakibatkan, lekas marah mual denyut jantung tidak teratur, dan diare.

Berkurangnya angka kematian

Sementara itu, peneliti dari Universitas Warwick dan Universitas Naples mengatakan asupan kalium di kebanyakan negara jauh di bawah jumlah harian yang disarankan.

Tetapi jika konsumen makan makanan kaya kalium lebih banyak dan juga mengurangi konsumsi garam mereka, angka kematian global per tahun dari stroke akan berkurang sebanyak satu juta.

Para peneliti mengatakan dalam laporannya, ini akan bermanfaat ke dalam pengurangan sebanyak 1.155.000 kematian stroke per tahun pada skala dunia.

Stroke, yang biasanya disebabkan ketika bentuk-bentuk bekuan dan blok suplai darah ke otak, membunuh sekitar 200 orang setiap hari di Inggris.

Banyak lagi yang tersisa dinonaktifkan dan dalam bahaya serangan kedua atau bahkan ketiga yang dapat membunuh mereka.

Mengobati dan merawat 100.000 orang yang terkena stroke setiap tahun di Inggris yang diperkirakan 2,3 miliar. Hanya kanker dan penyakit jantung membunuh lebih banyak orang.

“Penelitian ini menunjukkan makan banyak makanan kaya kalium, seperti pisang, date palm (buah pohon sejenis palem, Phoenix dactylifera) dan bayam, dapat mengurangi risiko Anda mengalami stroke,” ungkap seorang juru bicara Asosiasi Stroke.

“Tekanan darah tinggi adalah faktor risiko terbesar untuk penelitian stroke dan terakhir telah menunjukkan bahwa kalium dapat membantu menurunkan tekanan darah,” katanya. [mor]

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Eating three bananas a day slashes risk of a stroke
By Rajan | Wednesday, April 6th, 2011

The researchers say that eating three bananas a day slashes your risk of stroke. One banana in breakfast, one in lunch and one in the evening would give sufficient potassium to diminish the odds of suffering blood clots in the brain by up to twenty percent.

Even though some earlier studies have suggested that bananas could be significant for controlling blood pressure and preventing strokes. In the recent study carried out by researchers from the University of Warwick and the University of Naples analyzed the statistics of eleven diverse studies. They found that a daily potassium intake of around sixteen hundred milligram was sufficient to lower the risk of stroke.
The average banana contains about five hundred milligram of potassium that helps in lowering blood pressure and controls the balance of fluids in the body. The deficiency of potassium can escort to irregular heartbeat, irritability, nausea and diarrhea. The potassium intake in most countries is well below the suggested daily amount.
However, if people consume more potassium-rich foods and reduced their intake of salt then annual death rate due to strokes could be reduced by more than a million in a year. Strokes usually occurred when a clot forms and blocks the blood supply to the brain, reported the study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
According to a spokesman for the Stroke Association, this study suggests eating lots of potassium-rich foods like bananas, dates and spinach, could diminish your risk of having a stroke. High blood pressure is the single biggest risk aspect for stroke and past studies have shown that potassium could help to lower blood pressure.


Potassium is a very important mineral for the proper function of all cells, tissues, and organs in the human body. It is also an electrolyte, a substance that conducts electricity in the body, along with sodium, chloride, calcium, and magnesium. Potassium is crucial to heart function and plays a key role in skeletal and smooth muscle contraction, making it important for normal digestive and muscular function, too. Many foods contain potassium, including all meats, some types of fish (such as salmon, cod, and flounder), and many fruits, vegetables, and legumes. Dairy products are also good sources of potassium.

Having too much potassium in the blood is called hyperkalemia; having too little is known as hypokalemia. Keeping the right potassium balance in the body depends on the amount of sodium and magnesium in the blood. Too much sodium — common in Western diets that use a lot of salt — may increase the need for potassium. Diarrhea, vomiting, excessive sweating, malnutrition, malabsorption syndromes (such as Crohn’s disease) can also cause potassium deficiency, as well as use of a kind of heart medicine called loop diuretics.

Most people get all of the potassium they need from a healthy diet rich in vegetables and fruits. Older people have a greater risk of hyperkalemia because our kidneys are less efficient at eliminating potassium as we age. Older people should be careful when taking medication that may affect potassium levels, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and ACE inhibitors (see section on Interactions).

Whatever your age, talk to your doctor before taking potassium supplements.

Bone Health

At least one study shows a positive link between a diet rich in potassium and bone health. More research is needed to determine whether a diet high in potassium can reduce bone turnover in people.


The most important use of potassium is to treat the symptoms of hypokalemia (low potassium), which include weakness, lack of energy, muscle cramps, stomach disturbances, an irregular heartbeat, and an abnormal EKG (electrocardiogram, a test that measures heart function). Hypokalemia is usually caused by the body losing too much potassium in the urine or intestines; it’s rarely caused by a lack of potassium in the diet. Hypokalemia can be life-threatening and should always be treated by a doctor.

High Blood Pressure

Some studies have linked low levels of potassium in the diet with high blood pressure. And there is some evidence that potassium supplements might cause a slight drop in blood pressure. But not all studies agree — two large studies found no effect on blood pressure. It may be that taking potassium only helps lower blood pressure if you’re not getting enough of this mineral to start with. Before taking potassium or any supplement for high blood pressure, talk to your doctor.


a lot of potassium in their diet have a lower risk of stroke. However, potassium supplements don’t seem to have the same benefit.

People who get a lot of potassium in their diet have a lower risk of stroke. However, potassium supplements don’t seem to have the same benefit.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

People with IBD (ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease) often have trouble absorbing nutrients from their intestine, and may have low levels of potassium and other important nutrients. If you have IBD, your doctor may check your potassium levels and recommend a supplement.

Dietary Sources:

Good sources of potassium include bananas, citrus juices (such as orange juice), avocados, cantaloupes, tomatoes, potatoes, lima beans, flounder, salmon, cod, chicken, and other meats.

Available Forms:

Several potassium supplements are on the market, including potassium acetate, potassium bicarbonate, potassium citrate, potassium chloride, and potassium gluconate. It is available in tablets, capsules, effervescent tablets, powders, and liquids.

Potassium can also be found in multivitamins.

How to Take It:

Potassium supplements, other than the small amount included in a multivitamin, should be taken only under your doctor’s supervision. Do not give potassium supplements to a child unless your doctor tells you to.

The recommended daily intakes of dietary potassium are listed below:


Infants birth – 6 months: 500 mg or 13 mEq
Infants 7 months – 12 months: 700 mg or 18 mEq
Children 1 year: 1,000 mg or 26 mEq
Children 2 – 5 years: 1,400 mg or 36 mEq
Children 6 – 9 years: 1,600 mg or 41 mEq
Children over 10 years: 2,000 mg or 51 mEq

2,000 mg or 51 Meq, including for pregnant and nursing women

Because of the potential for side effects and interactions with medications, you should take dietary supplements only under the supervision of a knowledgeable health care provider.

Older adults should talk to their doctor before taking potassium supplements.

Side effects can include diarrhea, stomach irritation, and nausea. At higher doses, muscle weakness, slowed heart rate, and abnormal heart rhythm may occur. Contact your health care provider if you develop severe stomach pain, irregular heartbeat, chest pain, or other symptoms.

People with hyperkalemia or kidney disease should not take potassium supplements.

People who take ACE inhibitors, potassium-sparing diuretics, or the antibiotic trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra) should not take potassium.

Possible Interactions:

If you are being treated with any of the following medications, you should not use potassium without first talking to your health care provider.

The following medications may cause potassium levels to rise:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): People who have poor kidney function and take NSAIDs are at higher risk.
ACE inhibitors: These drugs treat high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, some chronic kidney diseases, migraines, and scleroderma. People who take ACE inhibitors and also take NSAIDs, potassium-sparing diuretics, or salt substitutes may be particularly vulnerable to hyperkalemia (too much potassium). A rise in potassium from ACE inhibitors may also be more likely in people with poor kidney function and diabetes. ACE inhibitors include:
Benazepril (Lotensin)
Captopril (Capoten)
Enlapril (Vasotec)
Fosinopril (Monopril)
Lisinopril (Zestril)
Moexipril (Univasc)
Peridopril (Aceon)
Ramipril (Altace)
Trandolapril (Mavik)
Heparin (used for blood clots)
Cyclosporine (used to suppress the immune system)
Trimethoprimand sulfamethoxazole, called Bactrim or Septra (an antibiotic)
Beta-blockers: Used to treat high blood pressure, glaucoma, migraines
Atenolol (Tenormin)
Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol-XL)
Propranolol (Inderal)
The following medications may cause potassium levels to decrease:

Thiazide diuretics
Chlorothiazide (Diuril)
Indapamide (Lozol)
Metolzaone (Zaroxolyn)
Loop diuretics
Furosemide (Lasix)
Bumetanide (Bumex)
Torsemide (Demadex)
Ethacrynic acid (Edecrin)
Amphotericin B (Fungizone)
Fluconazole (Diflucan): Used to treat fungal infections
Theophylline (TheoDur): Used for asthma
If you are taking any of these medications, it is important for your doctor to test your potassium levels to see whether or not you need a supplement. Do not start taking a supplement on your own.

Other potential interactions include:

Digoxin — Low blood levels of potassium increase the likelihood of toxic effects from digoxin, a medication used to treat abnormal heart rhythms and heart failure. Your doctor will test your potassium levels to make sure they stay normal.

Reviewed last on: 5/6/2009
Steven D. Ehrlich, NMD, Solutions Acupuncture, a private practice specializing in complementary and alternative medicine, Phoenix, AZ. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
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Poirier TI. Reversible renal failure associated with ibuprofen: case report and review of the literature. Drug Intel Clin Pharm. 1984;18(1):27-32.

Preston RA, Hirsh MJ MD, Oster, JR MD, et al. University of Miami Division of Clinical Pharmacology therapeutic rounds: drug-induced hyperkalemia. Am J Ther. 1998; 5(2):125-132.

Rafferty K, Heaney RP. Nutrient effects on the calcium economy: emphasizing the potassium controversy. J Nutr. 2008;138(1):166S-171S.


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Maret 23, 2017

dokter cinta: JELANG LIBUR, pajang TAKABUR…

Filed under: Terkait Saham BEI — bumi2009fans @ 12:59 am

JAKARTA kontan. Hari libur nasional dan cuti bersama tahun 2017 bertambah.

Penambahan tersebut dituangkan melalui Surat Keputusan Bersama (SKB) Menteri Agama, Menteri Ketenagakerjaan, dan Menteri Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi Nomor 684 Tahun 2016, Nomor 302 Tahun 2016 dan Nomor SKB/02/Menpan-RB/2016 pada 21 November 2016.

SKB tiga menteri ini sendiri merupakan perubahan atas SKB tiga menteri sebelumnya Nomor 135 Tahun 2016, Nomor SKB 109 Tahun 2016 dan Nomor 01/SKB/MENPANRB/04/2016 tentang Hari Libur Nasional dan Cuti BersamaTahun 2017.

Sebelum ada perubahan ini, hari libur nasional tahun 2017 berjumlah 14 hari dan cuti bersama empat hari.

Setelah perubahan, libur nasional tahun ini menjadi 15 hari dan cuti bersama menjadi enam hari.

Berikut rincian hari libur nasional dan cuti bersama tahun 2017 sebagaimana dikutip dari situs resmi Kementerian Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi, http://www.menpan.go.id, Kamis (23/3) :

Hari Libur Nasional: 
1. Minggu, 1 Januari: Tahun Baru 2017 Masehi
2. Sabtu, 28 Januari: Tahun Baru Imlek 2568 Kongzili
3. Selasa, 28 Maret: Hari Raya Nyepi Tahun Baru Saka 1939
4. Jumat, 14 April: Wafat Isa Almasih
5. Senin, 24 April: Isra Miraj Nabi Muhammad SAW
6. Senin, 1 Mei: Hari Buruh Internasional
7. Kamis, 11 Mei: Hari Raya Waisak 2561
8. Kamis, 25 Mei: Kenaikan Isa Almasih
9. Kamis, 1 Juni: Hari Lahir Pancasila
10. Minggu-Senin, 25-26 Juni: Hari Raya Idul Fitri 1438 Hijriah
11. Kamis, 17 Agustus: Hari Kemerdekaan Republik Indonesia
12. Jumat, 1 September: Hari Raya Idul Adha 1438 Hijriah
13. Kamis, 21 September: Tahun Baru Islam 1439 Hijriah
14. Senin, 25 Desember: Hari Raya Natal.

Cuti Bersama: 
1. Senin, 2 Januari: Tahun Baru 2017 Masehi
2. Selasa, Rabu, Kamis dan Jumat atau 27, 28, 29 dan 30 Juni: Hari Raya Hari Raya Idul Fitri 1438 Hijriah
3. Selasa, 26 Desember: Hari Raya Natal.

SKB tiga menteri itu ditandatangani Menteri Agama Lukman Hakim Saifudin, Menteri Ketenagakerjaan Hanif Dakhiri, dan Menteri Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi Asman Abnur. (Fabian Januarius Kuwado)


08/04/2009 – 06:46
IHSG: Ayo Profit Taking Saham!
Asteria & Natascha



INILAH.COM, Jakarta – Sehari sebelum libur panjang, indeks saham pada Rabu (8/4) diperkirakan marak dilanda aksi profit taking. Investor pun disarankan merealisasikan keuntungan dan masuk lagi pekan depan dengan mengakumulasi saham bank dan tambang.

Analis saham Indo Surya Securities Akbar Kuncoro mengatakan, indeks saham hari ini masih akan tertekan. Investor kembali melakukan switching dari pasar saham ke dolar sambil menunggu hasil pemilu. Hal ini mendorong penurunan likuiditas di pasar.

“Aksi profit taking akan menyebabkan indeks saham merosot,” katanya kepada INILAH.COM, di Jakarta, kemarin. Menurutnya, indeks saham sejak kemarin mulai terkoreksi setelah menguat lima hari berturut-turut.

Indeks Dow Jones pun masih terkoreksi, menunjukkan bahwa investor bersikap hati-hati dan tidak terlalu optimistis pada rally yang terjadi dalam dua pekan terakhir. “Karena sebenarnya sektor keuangan belum pulih, terlihat dari sektor riil yang belum bergerak,” ulasnya.

Pelaku pasar juga mengantisipasi keluarnya data jobless claim dan ritel AS, yang akan menjadi indikator penggerak ekonomi. Akbar mengkhawatirkan IHSG akan kembali ke level 1.400, mengingat menipisnya sentimen positif di lantai bursa.

Apalagi investor menuntut realisasi dan implementasi pengucuran stimulus yang dilakukan semua negara. “Kuartal pertama ini dianggap sebagai masa buruknya indeks, tapi sifatnya sementara karena realisasinya akan terlihat pada kuartal kedua, yaitu Mei mendatang,” ucapnya.

Saat ini, lanjut Akbar, investor disarankan melakukan aksi profit taking terlebih dulu dan baru masuk lagi ke pasar bursa setelah Pemilu legislatif usai. Ia pun memperkirakan rally IHSG masih akan berlanjut pekan depan. Namun hanya terbatas pada sektor perbankan dan tambang.

“Investor dianjurkan untuk memanfaatkan profit taking dan kalau mau masuk lagi, sebaiknya pekan depan,” tandasnya. Menurutnya, sektor perbankan dan komoditas lebih nyata pemulihannya, dibandingkan sektor lain.

Apalagi kinerja sektor perbankan terus menunjukkan peningkatan, seiring turunnya suku bunga acuan. “Kedua sektor ini telah terkoreksi, sehingga ada kesempatan bagi investor untuk akumulasi,” ujarnya.

Dari sektor komoditas, Akbar merekomendasikan saham tambang batubara PT Bumi Resources (BUMI) dan PT Bukit Asam (PTBA). Sedangkan untuk sektor perbankan, saham-saham yang disarankan PT Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BBRI), PT Bank Central Asia (BBCA), PT Bank Mandiri (BBRI) dan PT Bank Negara Indonesia (BBNI).

Secara umum, imbuhnya, saham perbankan BUMN masih menarik dengan likuiditas yang mulai meningkat akibat pertumbuhan deposito dari dana pihak ketiga (DPK) yang sangat kuat.

Meskipun ada risiko kenaikan angka kredit macet (NPL) terutama dari pinjaman komersial, perbankan pelat merah ini rata-rata masih di level aman. Selain itu, seiring turunnya tingkat suku bunga, bank-bank BUMN ini juga mampu mempertahankan kinerja yang bagus. “Kualitas seperti ini yang direkomendasikan,” tandasnya.

Goldman Sach juga merekomendasikan saham BBRI, terkait penurunan provisi perseroan dengan tingkat NPL yang relatif rendah. Naiknya kualitas aset perbankan inilah yang menjadi daya tarik BBRI.

Mereka pun memprediksikan kinerja perseroan pada kuartal pertama ini masih positif. “BBRI masih bisa menikmati likuiditas berlebih karena pertumbuhan deposito yang bagus sehingga risiko NIM (net interest margin) turun,” tulisnya.

Pada perdagangan saham Selasa (7/4) IHSG ditutup turun 25,784 poin (1,7%) menjadi 1.490,857. Perdagangan saham di Bursa Efek Indonesia mencatat transaksi 71.870 kali, dengan volume 3,682 miliar unit saham, senilai Rp 2,661 triliun. Sebanyak 61 saham naik, 83 saham turun dan 54 saham stagnan.

Emiten-emiten yang mengalami pelemahan terbesar antara lain PT Astra International (ASII) yang terpuruk Rp 600 menjadi Rp 14.650, PT Astra Agro Lestari (AALI) terperosok Rp 450 ke Rp 15.400, PT Goodyear Indonesia (GDYR) turun Rp 400 ke Rp 4.300, PT Telkom (TLKM) melemah Rp 250 menjadi Rp 7.050, dan PT Bukit Asam (PTBA) turun Rp 200 menjadi Rp 7.350.

Saham PT Medco Energi Internasional (MEDC) juga ditutup melemah Rp 175 menjadi Rp 2.375, PT Perusahaan Gas Negara (PGAS) turun Rp 75 menjadi Rp 2.275 dan PT Aneka Tambang (ANTM) turun Rp 50 menjadi Rp 1.210.

Sedangkan beberapa emiten yang berhasil menguat antara lain PT Lion Metal Works (LION) melesat Rp 300 menjadi Rp 2.750, PT Asuransi Ramayana naik Rp 150 ke Rp 900, PT Tembaga Mulia Semanan naik Rp 100 menjadi Rp 4.000, PT Bayan Resources (BYAN) naik Rp 60 ke Rp 1.700. PT Barito Pacific (BRPT) naik Rp 40 menjadi Rp 620 dan PT Bakrie Telecom (BTEL) naik Rp 9 menjadi Rp 59.

Di tengah pelemahan bursa global, saham PT Bumi Resources (BUMI) justru bergerak melawan arah. Emiten batubara ini mampu membukukan kenaikan 10 poin (1,09%) menjadi Rp 920. [E1]

Maret 9, 2017

diam2suka: THE GLOBAL BITING (mencurangi… dikerasi… Dhani ditampar (?) …)

Filed under: GLOBAL ECONOMY — bumi2009fans @ 7:35 am

diving king robben world cup 2014Robben the robber who is the KING OF DIVING
Starbucks shop


Barcelona detik- Ada kontroversi dalam comeback sensasional Barcelona saat menyingkirkan Paris St Germain di Liga Champions. Penyerang Barca Luis Suarez mendapat sorotan tajam.

Los Cules membalikkan keadaan tertinggal 0-4 di leg pertama dari PSG untuk lolos ke perempatfinal dengan kemenangan 6-1 di leg kedua, tadi malam (8/3/2017). Di dalam kemenangan tersebut, dua dari enam gol yang bersarang di gawang Kevin Trapp tercipta dari penalti.

Suarez andil dalam terjadinya gol kelima Barcelona, yang menjadi titik balik permainan. Penyerang Uruguay itu jatuh saat dikawal Marquinhos di kotak penalti sehingga wasit menunjuk titik putih.

Pelatih timnas Norwegia Lars Lagerback menjadi salah satu figur yang tidak terkesan dengan comeback Barcelona itu. Terutama perilaku Suarez.

“Tidak masuk akal kalau segalanya ditentukan oleh sebuah aksi pura-pura jatuh,” sembur Lagersback yang dilansir Marca. “Saya merasa sedih dan kasihan untuk dunia sepakbola.”

“Saya sangat marah. Itu pertunjukan akting Suarez. Kenapa kita memiliki ofisial di samping gawang kalau mereka tidak bisa melihat hal-hal semacam itu?”


“We Will Rock You” in Nazi-Ästhetik: Ex-General Prabowo Subianto setzt im Kampf um das indonesische Präsidentenamt auf martialisches Auftreten – und auf einen Sänger in Heinrich-Himmler-Uniform. Bei den Wählern kommt das an.


der spiegel Jakarta – In zwei Wochen wählt das größte islamische Land der Welt einen neuen Staatschef. Mehr als 185 Millionen Indonesier haben am 9. Juli die Wahl zwischen zwei Präsidentschaftskandidaten – dem Gouverneur der Hauptstadt Jakarta, Joko Widodo, und Ex-General Prabowo Subianto.

Der charismatische Widodo, Spitzname Jokowi, geht als Favorit in die letzten Wochen des Wahlkampfs. Doch sein Gegenkandidat zieht alle Register. Für den Schlussspurt veröffentlichte Prabowos Wahlkampfteam einen Song, der besonders die jungen Indonesier begeistern soll.

Zur Melodie des Queen-Klassikers “We Will Rock You” skandieren vier prominente indonesische Popstars die Namen von Prabowo und seinem Vize-Kandidaten Hatta Rajasa. Weiter heißt es im Text: “Indonesien erwache, Wer sonst vermag Indonesien zu erwecken aus seiner Misere? Wer sonst, wenn nicht wir?”

Prabowo spielt mit Nazi-Ästhetik

Brisanter als der Songtext ist jedoch das Outfit des Sängers Ahmad Dhani. Er trägt eine schwarze Uniformjacke, die der Uniform von SS-Führer Heinrich Himmler zum Verwechseln ähnelt. Dhani trägt die gleichen Kragenspiegel und den sogenannten Blutorden auf der Brust.

SS-Führer Himmler: Spiel mit der Nazi-Ästhetik Zur Großansicht

SS-Führer Himmler: Spiel mit der Nazi-Ästhetik
Diese bewusst inszenierte Assoziation mit Symbolen des Nazi-Regimes findet in Indonesien regen Anklang. Das “Dritte Reich” gilt vielen als Vorbild in puncto militärischer Stärke und staatlicher Effizienz. Adolf Hitlers “Mein Kampf” wird in vielen Buchläden verkauft. In der Stadt Bandung gibt es sogar ein Café, in dem Kellner in SS-Uniformen Speisen und Getränke servieren.

Auch Präsidentschaftskandidat Prabowo setzt in seinem Wahlkampf auf Militärästhetik. Auf seiner offiziellen Facebook-Seite zeigt sich der Politiker in den Uniformen der Miliz seiner Gerindra-Partei, der “Bewegung für ein Großindonesien”.

Furcht vor Wahlsieg des Ex-Generals

Prabowo ist der Ex-Schwiegersohn des langjährigen Diktators Suharto. Als General befehligte er in den Achtziger- und Neunzigerjahren Massaker in der Unruheprovinz Osttimor. Zuvor war er unter anderem von der GSG 9 in der Bundesrepublik ausgebildet worden.

Nach dem Sturz seines Schwiegervaters 1998 ging Prabowo für einige Zeit ins Exil nach Jordanien. Nach seiner Rückkehr in die Heimat gründete er 2008 die Gerindra-Partei.

Im aktuellen Wahlkampf galt er lange als aussichtslos im Duell mit seinem Widersacher Jokowi. In den vergangenen Wochen hat sich der Abstand zwischen den beiden Spitzenkandidaten in den Umfragen rapide verringert. Inzwischen gehen die Medien in Indonesien von einem Kopf-an-Kopf-Rennen aus.

Demokratieaktivisten und Journalisten fürchten bei einem Wahlsieg Prabowos einen Rückfall in die dunklen Zeiten der Diktatur.



TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Kepala Laboratorium Psikologi Politik Universitas Indonesia Hamdi Muluk mengatakan ada kemungkinan pentolan grup band Dewa, Ahmad Dhani, ditempeleng Prabowo lantaran memasukkan unsur Nazi dalam video klipnya. Menurut dia, kepribadian Prabowo memang cenderung emosional. Teorinya, kata dia, orang akan menampilkan tingkah laku yang sama ketika memungkinkan.

“Kebiasaan yang dibawa hingga dewasa ini akan menetap, disadari atau tidak,” kata Hamdi di kafe d’Consulate Menteng, Kamis, 3 Juli 2014. Meski belum terkonfirmasi, kata dia, tapi ada kemungkinan besar hal itu terjadi. “Kebiasaan pada orang dewasa sulit diubah.”

Dalam risetnya, Hamdi memasukkan fragmen calon presiden dari poros Gerindra itu yang kerap melempar handphone saat marah. “Itu berita yang tidak pernah dia bantah,” kata Hamdi. Artinya, Hamdi menyebut satu kejadian itu dalam kehidupan Prabowo. “Itu kami record dan ada kecenderungan terulang,” kata dia. “Itu sebagai gambaran seperti apa kontrol emosinya,” kata dia.

Dari hasil risetnya, Jokowi dianggap memiliki daya tahan lebih bagus. Prabowo dinilai akan mudah mengalami burn out, yakni kelelahan fisik, emosional, dan mental jika terpilih sebagai presiden. Kemungkinan Prabowo mengalami burn out adalah 6,19. Sedangkan Jokowi level kemungkinan stresnya kecil, yakni 4,22.

Dari total empat nama kandidat calon presiden beserta wakil presiden, hanya Prabowo yang dinilai memiliki sisi emosional. “Emosi di sini bermaksud stabilitas dan kontrol diri,” kata Hamdi. “Bukan emosi dalam bentuk ekspresi.”

Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan meminta pendapat 204 psikolog di Jakarta, Depok, Tangerang, dan Bekasi yang berpengalaman dalam menilai kepribadian. Riset dilakukan pada 18-27 Juni 2014 dengan cara penilaian jarak jauh (research at distance), yakni melihat tingkah laku calon presiden sejak kecil, di tengah merintis karier, hingga seperti sekarang. Sebelum memberikan penilaian, responden terlebih dulu juga membaca biografi para kandidat.


TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Musikus Ahmad Dhani Prasetyo mengaku Prabowo Subianto marah-marah ketika melihat efek video klip kampanye yang dibikinnya. Dhani mengklaim kemarahan Prabowo bukan lantaran kecewa dengan hasil video, tetapi marah karena penilaian media asing yang menyerangnya tanpa menggunakan prinsip cover both side. (Baca juga: Survei Psikolog, Prabowo Otoriter)

“Pak Prabowo marah lantaran media asing melakukan black campaign,” kata Dhani ketika dihubungi, Rabu, 2 Juli 2014. Menurut Dhani, apa yang dilakukan oleh wartawan asing itu tak ada bedanya dengan wartawan bodrek yang ada di Indonesia. “Mereka tidak ada konfirmasi ke kita,” kata dia.

Dhani pun membantah dimaki dan dipukul Prabowo. (Baca di sini: Beredar Kabar Prabowo Pukul Ahmad Dhani) Dhani menilai isu pemukulan itu murahan dan dikutip dari akun Twitter palsu Fadli Zon dan Mahfud Md. “Tweet itu dibuat berita dan ini ulah wartawan bodrek.”

Sebelumnya, pengamat pertahanan dari Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia Jaleswari Pramodhawardani mengaku mendengar kabar Prabowo memukul dan memaki Dhani. Musababnya, kata Jaleswari, Prabowo kecewa atas banyaknya kecaman terhadap video klip Ahmad Dhani yang mengubah lirik lagu We Will Rock You. “(Pemukulan) itu karena Dhani mengenakan baju Nazi Hitler dan jadi berita media besar,” kata Jaleswari.

Ketua Umum Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya Suhardi membantah Prabowo memukul dan memaki Ahmad Dhani. “Tak ada. Saya tidak pernah tahu,” katanya. Suhardi mengaku tak pernah melihat secara langsung Prabowo memukul orang-orang di sekitarnya.

Dia membenarkan Prabowo memang keras. Bila ada yang salah, kata dia, Prabowo akan menegur secara verbal. “Pada saat becanda ya humoris, tapi pada saat tegas ya tegas,” ujarnya.


Merdeka.com – Baru-baru ini, beredar kabar melalui Broadcast Message BBM bahwa Ahmad Dhani ditampar oleh Prabowo Subianto. Alasannya karena kasus baju Nazi yang dipakai pentolan Dewa 19 itu pada video klip kampanye Prabowo – Hatta.

Berikut isi BBM yang menjadi isu tersebut:

“Info dari Jaleswari Pramodhawardani, BREAKING NEWS @ Hari Rabu malam, 25/6, Ahmad Dhani digampar dgn makian dan pukulan fisik oleh capres Prabowo krn urusan tampilan Dhani pake baju Nazi Hitler dan jd berita besar di koran2 luar negri,” demikian isi BBM.

“Bnyk saksi mata yg melihat kejadian itu. Utk penggemar2 Ahmad Dhani, inikah capres yg anda dukung? Anda pasti keliru! Utk para pemilih, dukungan anda ke capres Prabowo adalah malapetaka bagi Indonesia,” lanjut BBM tersebut.


Namun, juru bicara pasangan capres cawapres Prabowo – Hatta, Tantowi Yahya memberikan bantahan. Ia menyatakan isi BBM tersebut tidak pernah terjadi.

“Tidak ada kabar seperti itu. Itu kabar dari ‘sana’ yang bikin. Kalau dari kita jelas tidak ada,” tutur Tantowi di Istora Senayan, Jakarta Pusat (2/7).

Bahkan menurut Tantowi, Ahmad Dhani pada saat itu diajak Prabowo untuk kembali melakukan kampanye. Hal ini membuktikan kabar tersebut tidak benar.

“Dhani bahkan saat itu diajak ke Bandung sama pak Prabowo. Di kubu kami tidak ada yang menanggapi berita ini, karena itu berita bohong,” tegasnya.



detik Jakarta – Berhembus isu Ahmad Dhani ditampar oleh Prabowo Subianto yang langsung dibantah oleh pentolan Dewa 19 tersebut. Meski begitu, Ahmad Dhani menyebut isu ini merupakan isu serius karena sejumlah orang dekatnya sampai meminta langsung kepada dirinya.

“Mengenai pemberitaan saya ditampar Prabowo. Itu juga sadis banget, saya nggak tahu sumbernya darimana. Tapi ini sangat serius, karena beberapa orang menelepon saya, termasuk mama saya, direktur RCTI, MNC menelepon saya apakah benar itu terjadi,” ujar Ahmad Dhani ketika ditemui di kediamannya di kawasan Pondok Indah, Jaksel, Sabtu (5/7/2014) malam.

Menurut Dhani, pihak yang menghembuskan isu tersebut sebenarnya tidak menyerang dirinya secara langsung. Adalah Prabowo yang diyakini Dhani sebagai sasaran utama.

“Dan yang jadi sasarannya kepada Pak Prabowo, karena Pak Prabowo main tangan main tampar, tujuannya ini memang pembunuhan karakter kepada Pak Prabowo,” kata Dhani.

“Jadi sebenarnya, selama seminggu dua minggu ini arahnya pembunuhan karakter dan ini harus saya jelaskan. Karena tidak hanya karakter saya saja yang dibunuh tapi karakter Pak Prabowo juga dibunuh. Kalau karakter saya dibunuh si nggak apa apa karena sudah biasa,” sambung Dhani.

Dhani menegaskan, Prabowo tidak pernah sekalipun menamparnya. Berucap kasar saja tidak.

“Saya ingin menjelaskan ini supaya ini clear. Pak Prabowo tidak pernah menampar saya, memaki saya, maupun, memarahi saya sedikit pun. Keluaga Pak Prabowo marah pada online Der Spiegel karena dianggap, apa namanya koran koran itu apa namanya, online kuninglah,” kata Dhani.

detik Jakarta – Musisi Ahmad Dhani bicara mengenai pemakaian seragam mirip atribut militer pemimpin Nazi yang menjadi kontroversi. Pentolan Dewa 19 ini mengakui bahwa pemberitaan mengenai kostum Nazi itu membuat keluarga capres nomor urut satu Prabowo Subianto marah.

“Mengenai masalah baju Nazi. Pak Hashim Djojohadikusumo bilang pada saya keluarga Pak Prabowo memang marah, karena ini sebenarnya pemberitaan bukan pada saya, tapi black campaign terhadap Pak Prabowo,” ujar Dhani ketika ditemui di kediamannya, Sabtu (6/7/2014) malam.

“Reaksi Pak Prabowo ya marah. Pak Prabowo nggak ada masalah, reaksi pak Hasim biasa lah itu kan buat gaya gayaan saja. Aku rasa di Jerman juga sudah biasa saja di pinggir-pinggir jalan,” sambung Dhani.

Dhani mengatakan, memang hal yang disebutnya menjadi kampanye hitam itu, mengkaitkan penggunaan nazi oleh dirinya. Namun Dhani memastikan, bukan dirinya yang dimarahi oleh keluarga Prabowo.

“Memang isinya pemberitaan itu, saya kebetulan saja pakai baju Nazi. Jadi kira-kira seperti itu,” kata Dhani.

Kontroversi mengenai penggunaan kostum Nazi ini pertama kali dihembuskan media asal Jerman, Spiegel. “Dia memakai seragam hitam yang menyerupai seragam pemimpin SS Heinrich Himler,” tulis Spiegel. Disebutkan Spiegel bahwa Dhani memakai lencana pada kerah dan dada, yang amat mirip seragam Himler.

Mengenai pemberitaan Spiegel ini, Dhani mengaku kesal. Karena selama ini, Dhani tidak pernah sekalipun dimintai tanggapan oleh media tersebut.

“Karena mereka hanya mengutip dan tidak pernah mewawancarai saya sampai saat ini,” kata Dhani.

“Karena saya yakin wartawan atau majalah itu menyesal karena memberitakan saya Ahmad Dhani yang nggak penting. Menurut saya mereka menyesal. Maka dari itu mereka tidak menghubungi saya lagi,” sambung bos Republik Cinta Management ini.
bbc news:
Kemunculan kembali simbol-simbol Nazi di kalangan anak muda Indonesia, menurut seorang sejarawan, karena mereka tidak memahami sejarah kekejaman Nazi dan ideologi fasis yang melatarinya.

Hal ini diutarakan sejarawan Bonny Triyana menanggapi kostum musisi Ahmad Dhani di video klip kampanye Prabowo Subianto-Hatta Radjasa, yang dianggap mirip seragam komandan pasukan elit Nazi, Schutzstaffel, SS, Heinrich Himmler.
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Publik Jerman tak anggap serius ‘kostum Nazi’ Dhani
Kubu Prabowo tak tanggapi serius ‘kostum Nazi’ Ahmad Dhani
Kafe bercorak Nazi di Bandung dibuka kembali

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“Tidak ada pengetahuan di masyarakat, khususnya generasi muda, tentang Fasisme dan Nazi-isme,” kata sejarawan Bonny Triyana kepada wartawan BBC Indonesia, Heyder Affan, Rabu (25/06) siang.

Bonny menduga, Ahmad Dhani tidak memahami latar belakang sejarah di balik berdirinya Partai Nazi pada tahun 1930-an di Jerman, ideologi Fasis yang melatarinya, serta kekejaman yang diakibatkannya.

“Barangkali untuk gaya-gayaan saja,” katanya.

Sebelumnya, kubu Prabowo-Hatta Radjasa mengatakan, kostum musisi Ahmad Dhani dalam video klip itu Klik merupakan ekspresi seni semata.

“Kita harus melihatnya dari ranah seni, jangan dari ranah yang lain,” kata juru bicara tim pemenangan Prabowo-Hatta Radjasa, Sudrajat, kepada BBC Indonesia.

“Paham Nazi bisa tumbuh subur (di Indonesia), kalau orang nggak ngerti. Lama-lama paham itu bisa tindakan. Itu yang bahaya”

Bonny Triyana

Sudrajat juga mengatakan penampilan Dhani mengenakan kostum tersebut tidak berarti dia mendukung ideologi dan tindakan Partai Nazi selama Perang Dunia II.

“Itu cuma dekorasi saja,” katanya lagi.
Bisa ‘berbahaya’

Video klip Ahmad Dhani tersebut telah mengundang perhatian media Jerman, Der Spiegel, yang menyebut kemeja yang dikenakan Dhani mirip seragam Komandan Satuan Elite Nazi, Schutzstaffel SS, Heinrich Himmler.

Belakangan masyarakat Indonesia, melalui media sosial seperti Facebook dan Twitter, menjadikan ‘kostum Nazi’ Ahmad Dhani sebagai topik pembicaraan.

Sebagian mereka mengkritiknya, namun tidak sedikit pula yang membelanya, antara lain ketika ada yang mengkaitkannya dengan kampanye kubu Prabowo Subianto-Hatta Radjasa.

“Pihak yang bersaing selalu mencari celah-celah untuk mendeskreditkan (kubu Prabowo-Hatta Radjasa),” kata Sudrajat, juru bicara tim sukses Prabowo Subianto.

Sejarawan Bonny Triyana mengatakan, walaupun ide penggunaan kostum Nazi ala Dhani Ahmad itu semata gaya-gayaan, dia mengkhawatirkan dampak jangka panjangnya.
Cafe di Bandung

Sebuah cafe di Bandung menggunakan simbol Nazi sebagai dekorasi.

“Paham Nazi bisa tumbuh subur (di Indonesia), kalau orang nggak ngerti. Lama-lama paham itu bisa tindakan. Itu yang bahaya,” kata Bonny.
Menganggap paling benar

Menurut sejarawan UI ini, persoalan ini masuk kategori berbahaya, “Kalau mereka mengaku dengan sadar sebagai fasis.”

Gagasan Fasisme, lanjut Bonny, biasanya ditandai sikap tidak mau menerima perbedaan atau menganggap dirinya paling benar.

Dia mengharapkan, agar generasi muda perlu diberi materi sejarah tentang Fasisme dan Nazi-isme serta kekejaman yang pernah mereka praktekkan di Perang Dunia II, agar mereka memahami.

Penggemar kostum militer, termasuk Nazi-Jerman, berkumpul dalam sebuah acara.

Kontroversi pemunculan simbol Nazi Jerman, sebelumnya, sempat mencuat ketika sebuah kafe di Bandung memasang simbol-simbol Nazi di ruangan interiornya.

Setelah sempat ditutup setahun lalu karena menuai kontroversi, Klik pemilik kafe itu membuka kembali aktivitasnya dan memasang simbol-simbol Nazi Jerman di ruangan interiornya.

Henry Mulyana, pemilik restoran itu menegaskan, dia tidak berniat menyebarkan paham Nazi atau memuja Nazi. “Yang kami angkat adalah sejarah perang dunia, bukan khusus Nazi-nya. Nazi itu kan bagian dari sejarah juga,” imbuhnya.



The rivalry over this year’s Indonesian presidential election, between Joko Widodo (“Jokowi”) and Prabowo Subianto, has incited discord in Indonesia unseen since the independence of East Timor in 2002. The close gap in the polls between the two candidates has contributed to a sense of panic in both camps.

As often happens when a contest is this tight, both supporters and professional campaigners have reached into an old cache of symbols and simple slogans in an attempt to speak to undecided voters – or at least confuse them enough in the hope of getting their support.

Last week, the Indonesian pop star Ahmad Dhani and three other performers dressed in Nazi-esque uniforms in a Prabowo tribute video, where they sang a modified version of Queen’s We Will Rock You.


The video attracted a strong reaction. Both Dhani and Prabowo’s teams initially deflected incoming criticism, saying that it was an “expression of art”. Dhani also took it rather lightly, asking what the fuss was all about. “What is the connection between German soldiers and Indonesia?” he asked. “We Indonesians didn’t kill millions of Jews, right?”

First the deflection, then the apology: Dhani later said he picked the uniform without too much thought and had now learned his lessons. Then, as if he had forgotten his apology and the criticism from both international and local communities, Dhani attacked western media for the criticism.

“Stupid Western media needs education in freedom of art … whatever I wear is my right as an artist,” he tweeted on Friday.

Coincidentally, a café which uses Nazi decorations, Soldaten Kaffee, recently reopened in Indonesia. On their Facebook page, they justified the use of Nazi symbols by saying that “Nazis only killed Jews and Communists, and never planned to kill Africans, Indians, Chinese or Malays”.

Like Dhani’s deflection, they seem to argue that the use of Nazi symbols, removed from their German context, are fine for use in Indonesia.

Fadli Zon, the deputy chairman of Prabowo’s party, Gerindra, went on the offensive – tweeting that Indonesia “has no relation to Nazism, but it does to Communism”.

He then linked Jokowi’s “Mental Revolution” – a campaign theme encouraging Indonesians to move on from “some traditions or cultures that flourished during the repressive era of the New Order” – with communism. This was a loaded message: Prabowo has considered elevating the anti-communist former president Suharto, who led the New Order, to “national hero” status.

That said, Jokowi’s supporters have hardly been innocent either. Respected analyst and known Jokowi backer Wimar Witoelar had to issue an apology and close down his Twitter account, after associating Prabowo with Osama bin Laden.

While the “Nazi” video wasn’t official campaign material from Prabowo’s team, it didn’t have to be. What marks the campaigning style in this year’s election is the distance between the official rhetoric of the candidates and at the grassroots.

So far, Prabowo has remained silent about the video, except for a brief mention on his Facebook page. But he did not criticise Ahmad Dhani or the members of his team. Similarly, Fadli Zon’s reference to Jokowi’s “communism”, however feeble, was allowed to stand – despite sparking the authoring of blog posts, columns and tweets linking Jokowi with communism.

Prabowo knows that symbols of strength have worked for him. For more than 30 years before the 1998 reformation, students in Indonesia were taught to glorify the Indonesian military and demonise communism and imperialism.

He also knows that the election will be close, and has revamped the trajectory of his politics since the highly popular Jokowi announced his candidacy. For example, in 2013 Prabowo’s party called for the disbandment of the notorious Islamic Defenders Front (FPI). But this year, his vice-presidential candidate Hatta Rajasa asked for support from FPI.

And in 2009 Prabowo promised to bring the perpetrators of the Lapindo mudflow case in East Java to justice. Now he has accepted a coalition with the Golkar Party’s Aburizal Bakrie, whose company was implicated in the case.

The polls show that Prabowo’s opportunism has been a success. But this symbolic trajectory, which condones some of the worst excesses of violence and corruption of the past is rightly concerning – especially for those who are hoping for an Indonesia where the rule of law and justice can be fairly applied to everyone in a pluralistic society.

In Indonesia, state violence, as well as communal violence from groups like FPI, can still be tolerated by the government and members of society. The concept of human rights, instead of being perceived as sacred sets of principles, is often seen as another set of symbols of western imperialism.

What is dangerous is when symbols are used without critical knowledge and responsibility from leaders – especially considering Indonesia’s fraught political history. As the historian Bonnie Triyana, commenting on Dhani’s Nazi video, said: “without understanding, what started only as thoughts can then turn into actions”.

Rock star Ahmad Dhani and other singers performed an adaptation of British band Queen’s “We Will Rock You”, with lyrics supporting Prabowo Subianto for the July 9 poll in which he is facing frontrunner Joko Widodo.

But social media exploded with anger after critics noted Dhani was wearing a military uniform jacket identical to one often worn by Adolf Hitler’s henchman Heinrich Himmler.

Indonesian-born singer and songwriter Anggun Cipta Sasmi tweeted that the video had made her “shocked, disappointed and ashamed”.

“I pray that Indonesia does not descend into fascism.”

A Twitter user called frizedianto added Dhani wanted Prabowo to be a “Hitler-style” ruler — “fascist, intolerant and authoritarian”.

Even Queen guitarist Brian May waded into the row, insisting on Twitter the adaptation of the song was “completely unauthorised by us”.

However the Indonesian singer appeared unrepentant, telling news website Detik: “The Indonesian people were not involved in the killing of millions of Jews, right?”

The black jacket resembles one often worn by Himmler, head of the SS and Gestapo, with emblems on the lapels and red decoration on the breast pocket.

Prabowo’s campaign distanced itself from the song, with spokesman Tantowi Yahya saying: “This video is not a product of the campaign team.”

The furore reflected sensitivity about a potential Prabowo presidency.

He has previously admitted ordering the abduction of democracy activists in the dying days of the three-decade Suharto dictatorship in 1998, and has also been accused of human rights abuses in East Timor.

Despite concerns about his dark past, Prabowo has in recent weeks narrowed the gap against Widodo — who won legions of supporters during his time as Jakarta governor. A poll out Wednesday showed him only four percent behind.

Warriors of love stand up to the jihadists
October 14, 2005
Page Tools

A war is raging for the minds of a generation, write Abdurrahman Wahid and C. Holland Taylor.

THE latest suicide bombings in Bali appear to have been carried out by young Indonesian Muslims indoctrinated in an ideology of hatred. Once again the cult of death has proved its ability to recruit misguided fanatics and incite them to violate Islam’s most sacred teachings in the very name of God. The only way to break this vicious cycle is by discrediting the perverse ideology that underlies and motivates such acts of terrorism.

One of us, Abdurrahman Wahid, was Indonesia’s president when violence inundated Ambon and the Moluccas six years ago.

A seemingly trivial argument between a Christian bus driver and a Muslim passenger in 1999 triggered a bloody religious war that claimed 10,000 lives and drove half a million Christian and Muslim inhabitants from their homes. Radical Muslims from throughout Indonesia flocked to the region to wage jihad on Christians, backed by powerful Islamist generals and plenty of money.

The largest group was Laskar Jihad (Warriors of Jihad). Jafar Umar Thalib is a veteran of the Afghan jihad and knows bin Laden personally. Backed by spiteful generals close to the disgraced Soeharto regime, Thalib sounded the call to jihad, and thousands of young Muslims flocked to slaughter Christians in the name of God.

Enjoying powerful clandestine support, Laskar Jihad had established a military training camp less than 100 kilometres from Jakarta. When police broke it, Thalib announced that Laskar Jihad would sail for Ambon and wage jihad there. I (Wahid) ordered the army to prevent them from sailing and the navy to intercept them if they did. I also ordered the governor of East Java to guard the docks and prevent Laskar Jihad from boarding.

But these presidential orders were ignored by a military that refused to accept civilian control in the newly democratic Indonesia. An unholy alliance of jihadists, Islamist generals and people close to the Soeharto family ensured that thousands of Laskar Jihadists poured into Ambon and the Moluccas, where they launched devastating raids on Christian enclaves, burning and desecrating churches, destroying homes and slaughtering thousands of men, women and children.

The goal was to create chaos and block reform of the government. They succeeded; the process of reform ground to a halt.

Then came the Bali bombing in 2002. Although that attack was the work of a different jihadist group, Jemaah Islamiah, it was obvious that the military would crack down on all active jihadist groups.

Immediately afterwards, Thalib announced that Laskar Jihad had served its purpose, and he recalled its warriors to Java.

One of the people watching this tragedy unfold was a young musician named Ahmad Dhani. Leader of the popular rock band Dewa, Dhani began to use music to influence millions of fans to resist the tide of religious extremism. In response to Laskar Jihad’s atrocities, and to discredit the appeal of fundamentalist ideology, Dhani composed the best-selling album Laskar Cinta ( Warriors of Love). Released last year, it quickly rose to the top of the charts as millions of young Indonesians embraced its message of love, peace and tolerance.

Dhani and the other members of Dewa have presented Indonesia’s youth with a stark choice: Do they want to join the army of jihad, or the army of love?

In response, radical Muslim groups have accused Dhani – a devout Sufi, or mystically inclined Muslim, of being an infidel, an apostate (code words inciting violence) and a Zionist agent. They have hauled him into court on charges of defaming Islam and seek to ban his use of rock music to promote a spiritual and progressive interpretation of Islam that threatens the appeal of their own extremism.

Rather than be intimidated, Dhani recently announced his a to launch another “ideological smart bomb” — a song that uses the revelatory tone of the Koran to declare: “Truth dwells in the hearts of those who love and are free of hatred; the hearts of those who hate … are possessed by Satan.”

Dhani and his group are on the front line of a global conflict, defending Islam from its fanatical hijackers. They seek to rescue a generation from extremists. For every young Indonesian seduced by fanaticism, countless others see through the web of lies and hatred, in no small part thanks to the courage of people like Dhani. As they listen to Dewa’s music, the hearts of millions of young Indonesians have been inspired to declare: “No to the warriors of jihad! Yes to the warriors of love!”

The Washington Post

Richard Ackland is ill. His column will return next week.


TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Sekretaris tim pemenangan Prabowo Subianto-Hatta Rajasa, Fadli Zon, mendukung kreativitas Ahmad Dhani. Fadli menilai Dhani sangat kreatif membuat video dengan menggubah lagu We Will Rock You milik Queen.

“Lagu yang dibuat @AHMADDHANIPRAST menurut saya bagus, cover We Will Rock You. Saking kreatif dan keren banyak yang kebakaran jenggot dari pihak lawan,” tulis Fadli di akun Twitter-nya, Kamis, 26 Juni 2014.

Bagi Fadli, Indonesia merupakan negara demokrasi, sehingga semua orang bisa berkreasi. “Saya dukung @AHMADDHANIPRAST. Ini negara demokrasi. Kreatifitas jangan dibungkam. Salam Indonesia Raya.”(Baca : Jiplak Lagu Queen, Tim: Tanggung Jawab Dhani)

Bukan hanya itu, Fadli juga melakukan perbandingan antara lagu kampanye Prabowo dan Jokowi. Dia mengatakan tim pemenangan Jokowi juga pernah menggubah lagu grup musik mancanegara.

“Dulu juga @jokowi_do2 kampanye pakai cover One Direction. Produksi Cameo. Lupa?” ujar Fadli.

Sebelumnya, Ahmad Dhani menuai kritik karena lagu kampanye yang dia bawakan untuk mendukung Prabowo-Hatta merupakan gubahan atas lagu Queen. Brian May, gitaris Queen sekaligus pencipta lagu We Will Rock You, pun sempat mengumumkan bahwa Dhani mengubah lirik lagunya tanpa izin.

wsj JAKARTA, Indonesia—A week ahead of Indonesia’s presidential election, former army general Prabowo Subianto has won the support of the only party that had yet to choose sides in an increasingly tight two-horse race: the Democratic Party of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.

The news, which came late Monday, adds another facet to a man who has had to rework his public image in recent years. Once a member of Indonesia’s ruling family and head of the nation’s feared Special Forces, Mr. Subianto was discharged as a general in 1998 for ordering the kidnapping of students.

He has remade himself as a successful, if temperamental, businessman and founder of a political party. Now Mr. Subianto, 62 years old, is trying to overtake Jakarta Gov. Joko Widodo, 53, whose populist style and humble roots offer a sharp contrast to the wealthy former general.
Indonesian Elections: Six Issues

The support of the Democrats, one of the nation’s largest political parties, could be the difference in a race where the latest polls for the July 9 election show a gap of single digits separating Mr. Subianto and Mr. Widodo, with many still undecided.

“It’ll drive a bunch of fence-sitters to Prabowo’s camp,” said Yohanes Sulaiman, a lecturer at Indonesia Defense University.

The two candidates offer similar solutions for Indonesia’s slowing growth rate—build roads and seaports, open millions of acres of farmland and reduce fuel subsidies. Mr. Subianto calls for halting the loss of $85 billion annually in natural-resources assets and ensuring food security.

“He is nationalistic but he is not anti-foreign investment,” said campaign spokesman Sandiaga Uno.

In recent weeks, Mr. Subianto has risen in the polls with the help of a well-organized campaign and the backing of Islamic parties. On the campaign trail, he acknowledges his volatile disposition but casts it as a virtue.

His military bearing and forthright speeches appeal to voters “longing for a decisive and firm leader,” said Prof. Sartika Soesilowati of Airlangga University. But some opponents fear that a win by Mr. Subianto could mean a return to the era of his autocratic father-in-law, former President Suharto.

In contrast with outgoing President Yudhoyono, whoafter 10 years in officeis widely perceived as weak and indecisive, Mr. Subianto paints himself as tegas, an Indonesian word denoting firmness. Rock star Ahmad Dhani highlighted this appeal when he endorsed Mr. Subianto in May: “Almost every manly man votes for Prabowo,” he said. “If a man doesn’t vote for Prabowo, his masculinity must be questioned.”

The son of a prominent cabinet minister, Mr. Subianto was groomed to rule. He was educated overseas, and after graduating from the Indonesian military academy in 1974, he rose quickly, aided by his 1983 marriage to President Suharto’s daughter Siti Hediati Hariyadi Suharto.
Enlarge Image

Prabowo Subianto is second from left in the top row in this undated family photo with his father-in-law, the late former Indonesian President Suharto, bottom row third left. Associated Press

He was named commander of Kopassus, Indonesia’s Special Forces, and then commander of Kostrad, the largest and most important army unit, while in his mid-40s. He was on track to succeed his father-in-law.

But with President Suharto’s ouster in 1998, Mr. Subianto’s star fell. He was discharged from the army after a panel of seven generals, including then-Gen. Yudhoyono, found he had ordered the kidnapping of nine student activists, according to a recently leaked document summarizing the panel’s confidential findings that also contained the details of his discharge from the military. No criminal charges were ever filed against him.

Robert Blake, the U.S. ambassador to Indonesia, said Washington doesn’t take a position on the candidates and can work with either one. But in a statement to The Wall Street Journal, he said, “We do, however, take seriously allegations of human-rights abuses, and urge the Indonesian government to fully investigate the claims.”
More on Indonesia’s Election

Widodo’s Polls Lead Drops in Bid for Indonesian Presidency
Widodo Struggles to Get Big Projects Done in Jakarta
India, Southeast Asia Lead Region’s Markets
Investors Prepare for Volatility Ahead of Indonesia Election
Indonesia Presidential Hopefuls Strike Nationalistic Tone
Who’s Who in Indonesia’s Presidential Race
Photos: Joko Widodo Hits the Streets of Jakarta

The Subianto campaign has portrayed the 1998 kidnappings as an isolated event. In public appearances, the candidate has indicated he was following orders when his troops carried out the kidnappings, a contention the military panel rejected. Of the nine victims, four have since joined Mr. Subianto’s Gerindra Party.

“It could be considered preventive detention,” he said in a 2008 interview with Metro TV. “Perhaps in different circumstances we would be heroes. I would have gotten a medal.”

After his discharge, Mr. Subianto left the country and lived for more than a year in Jordan. Returning to Indonesia, he invested in energy and palm oil. By 2009, he reported a net worth of $165 million.

After returning from Jordan, Mr. Subianto also began engineering his public comeback. He ran unsuccessfully for president in 2004 and 2009. In the latter election, he was a vice presidential nominee. He formed his Gerindra Party in 2008.

“Like any democracy, we are willing to give people a second chance,” said Mr. Uno, the campaign spokesman. “We love an underdog.”

Former top army officers are divided on his candidacy. While his current bid for the office has just gotten a boost with the backing of the Democratic Party, he has his share of critics—and some ex-generals are among the harshest. A.M. Hendropriyono, a former head of Indonesia’s intelligence agency who is backing Mr. Widodo, publicly called Mr. Subianto a “psychopath” and “nearly crazy.” Supporters of Mr. Subianto filed a defamation claim with police.

Former deputy army chief Fachrul Razi, who has known Mr. Subianto for decades and served on the 1998 panel that recommended his discharge, said his temperament and willingness to flout rules call into question his fitness to be president. “People should not equate a red face, a booming voice and an angry temperament with the words ‘firm’ and ‘decisive,'” said the retired general, who also backs Mr. Widodo.

Mohammad Mahfud, former Constitutional Court chief justice and now campaign manager for Mr. Subianto, said he believes the candidate has softened and would be a different person as president.

“Many people call Prabowo

temperamental and an angry man, but then that is something within every military fellow

,” he said. “Prabowo is more of a humanist now and at least in the past two months it shows.”

—Yogita Lal contributed to this article.
Bp6LzoUCEAAytSN.jpg large

RMOL. Dari waktu ke waktu, jiwa kenegarawanan Prabowo Subianto semakin jelas terlihat. Momentum ke momentum pun semakin mengafirmasi sikap Prabowo yang mengutamakan kepentingan nasional di atas kepentingan pribadinya.

Demikian disampaikan Wakil Sekjen DPP Golkar yang juga jurubicara Aburizal Bakrie, Lalu Mara Satria Wangsa, kepada Rakyat Merdeka Online beberapa saat lalu (Minggu, 6/7).

Bukan tanpa alasan Lalu Mara mengatakan ini. Penilaian ini didasari pengamatan yang panjang sejak proses pesta demokrasi ini berjalan, terutama di masa-masa kampanye. Prabowo, dalam setiap kampanye, terbukti tidak pernah menyindir atau menjelekkan kompetitornya. Bahkan, Prabowo berulang-ulang mengatakan bahwa ia sangat menghormati pesaingnya, yang bagaimanapun juga adalah sama-sama anak bangsa.

Pun demikian, ungkap Lalu Mara, dalam debat capres-cawapres Prabowo menunjukkan sikap yang sama. Prabowo selalu sportif, dan selalu mengakui pandangan Jokowi bila memang pandangan itu juga sesuai dengan pandangannya. Prabowo tak segan mengatakan kata “setuju”, sementara di saat yang sama, Jokowi tak pernah melakukan hal serupa meskipun secara substansial beberapa pandangan dan gagasan Jokowi sudah disampaikan sebelumnya dalam visi misi besar Prabowo.

Dalam debat terakhir yang digelar Sabtu malam (5/7), catat Lalu Mara, semakin mengkonfirmasi sikap-sikap ksatria mantan Komandan Jenderal Komando Pasukan Khusus (Kopassus) itu. Saat menyampaikan closing statament, Prabowo mengatakan bahwa ia akan menghormati apapun hasil pemilihan presiden 9 Juli 2014 yang akan datang.

“Saya suka penutup Pak Prabowo itu. Penghormatan itu dilakukan demi rakyat Indonesia. Pernyataan tersebut menunjukkan beliau adalah pemimpin yang sportif dengan menyerahkan segala sesuatunya kepada kehendak Yang Maha Kuasa, Allah SWT. Ini juga menunjukkan tingkat dan kualitas iman Pak Prabowo, yang percaya takdir setelah melakukan ikhtiar,” ungkap Lalu Mara.

Hal yang tak kalah penting, masih kata Lalu Mara, pernyataan ini juga merupakan jaminan dari Prabowo. Jaminan ini menjadi sangat penting dalam proses konsolidasi demokrasi, di tengah-tengah ada indikasi kelompok yang tidak siap menang atau kalah, yang misalnya belum apa-apa sudah mengatakan ada potensi kecurangan bila pihaknya yang kalah. [ysa]

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