eK0n0mi taK seriU$ d/h ekonomitakserius@blogspot.com

Juni 28, 2012

beautiful: semua kota itu MIRIP … 280612

Filed under: GLOBAL ECONOMY — bumi2009fans @ 12:16 am

The laws of the city
A deluge of data makes cities laboratories for those seeking to run them better

Jun 23rd 2012 | from the print edition
the economist
NO FACE looks alike, but human bodies and their genetic make-up are almost identical. Cities too have distinctive charms—but are surprisingly alike behind their façades. Regardless of size, their populations grow at the same average rate everywhere in the world. A city twice as large as its neighbour is likely to be 15% richer. The mix of green space and built-up areas tends to be equal everywhere.

Such findings reflect a recent shift in urban research. Better technology has turned cities into fountains of data that confirm known regularities and reveal striking new patterns. This could transform how cities are regarded, built and managed. Attempts to contain urban sprawl, long the prevailing paradigm of urban planning, for instance, could fall out of favour. Cities could be run with the sort of finely tuned mix of technology and performance associated with Formula 1 racing cars.

Back in the 1940s, George Zipf, an American researcher, noted that a city’s population is inversely proportional to its rank in a country. His law holds that the largest city is always about twice as big as the second largest, three times as big as the third largest, and so on. Other regularities have emerged since. Big cities decentralise as they grow, creating more jobs outside the centre. Urban population density in all industrialised countries declines slowly as you move away from the centre. (Moscow, exceptionally, is the other way round.)

The lack of good numbers used to limit such studies. Now data abound. The United Nations and other organisations make most of their statistics freely available. Data have also become more comparable between cities and even between countries. Most important, transport and telecoms networks, and social media, are spawning new data as a free by-product.

This has triggered new research. For instance Geoffrey West and Luis Bettencourt, both of the Santa Fe Institute, found that cities scale much like organisms. Just as an elephant is, roughly speaking, a larger but more energy-efficient version of a gorilla, big cities are thrifty versions of small ones. For a metropolis twice the size of another, the length of electric cables, number of gas stations and other bits of infrastructure decrease by about 15% per inhabitant. But beasts do not enjoy the cities’ rising returns to scale. Income, patents, savings and other signs of wealth rise by around 15% when a city’s size doubles. In short, urbanites consume less but produce more.

Shlomo Angel, an urban planning expert at New York University, gathered historical and census data from hundreds of cities, digitised thousands of maps and had computers count millions of pixels on satellite pictures. Between 1990 and 2000 the surfaces of each of the 120 cities he and his team studied grew on average more than twice as fast as their populations. These rates, he says, are unlikely to change. That means that the amount of urban land will double in only 19 years, whereas the urban population will double in 43 years.

Carlo Ratti, who heads the Senseable City Lab at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was one of the first to sift through the data produced by telecoms networks. One aim was to find out how a country’s internal borders reflect human connections. In Britain the English and the Scots hardly talk, at least on landlines; west of London, where many of Britain’s high-tech firms are based, a new region is developing. American states such as Georgia and Alabama belong together, whereas California splits three ways. In Portugal, if a city is twice the size of another, people make 12% more phone calls per head. This gives weight to what urban theorists such as the late Jane Jacobs have long argued: that cities foster the exchange of ideas.

The Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis (CASA) at University College London, another research hotbed, uses data from London’s Oyster cards—used to pay for public transport—and Twitter messages. Tube-travel patterns are regular: entering the system at one station tends to mean leaving it at a particular other one. Twitter messages reveal a city’s structure and its activity. London has one centre, near Piccadilly Circus; New York has several, including near Times Square, City Hall and in Brooklyn. Tweeting correlates negatively with greenery, particularly in Central Park.

Some in the field are ambivalent about such research. Practitioners of urban planning don’t quite know what to do with the results—particularly regularities of the sort found by Mr West. Others worry that urban research could, just like other fields of study, start to put number-crunching ahead of other important questions. “A green pixel on a satellite image doesn’t tell you whether it’s a park or a private garden,” argues Philipp Rode, of LSE Cities, a research centre at the London School of Economics.

Still, the deluge of urban data is likely to have a big impact. Some academics such as Michael Batty, the director of CASA, see a real prospect of synthesising these patterns and regularities into a “science of the city”, much like physics or biology. That will be the subject of a conference at the Santa Fe Institute in July.

City planners, too, may have to rethink their work. If cities indeed develop organically along certain lines, pushing them onto another track may be futile. Instead of trying to limit growth, planners should “make room”, says Mr Angel: be realistic when projecting urban land needs, set generous metropolitan limits, protect some open space and provide an arterial grid of roads. This is pretty much what New York did in the early 18th century. It is what some Chinese cities are doing now.

Yet the most immediate impact of urban data will be on how cities are managed. In a second research lab in Singapore, Mr Ratti and his colleagues are developing software to turn cities into what he calls “real-time control systems”. These combine all kinds of data feeds, including information about the location of taxis and rainfall. The city state’s transport system would benefit from being better able to match the demand and supply of taxis, particularly when it rains, which tends to happen suddenly in Singapore.

Such examples raise one question: how will data change cities? To get an idea, look at how racing cars have changed. Mechanics used to do all the fine-tuning on their vehicle before a race. Now they sit in front of big screens, monitoring the data that comes in from the hundreds of sensors attached to the car—and make adjustments in real-time. One day city hall may be as packed with screens as a Formula 1 pit.

from the print edition | International


Juni 21, 2012

beautiful: emaaa(Rp488K)aa$ … 210612

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 2:05 am

INILAH.COM, Jakarta – Harga emas PT Aneka Tambang Tbk (Antam) pada Kamis (21/6/2012) melanjutkan koreksi, dengan harga logam mulia ukuran 1 gram berada di level Rp543.000.

Berdasarkan daftar harga yang dilansir http://www.logammulia.com hari ini, semua stok emas batangan tersedia pada Unit Bisnis Pengolahan dan Pemurnian (UBPP) PT Antam.

Menurut daftar harga yang dirilis pada pukul 08.45 WIB, harga emas ukuran 1 gram turun Rp2.000 ke level Rp543.000. Sementara harga beli kembali (buyback) emas turun Rp2.000 ke level Rp488.000 per gram.

Harga emas batangan 2 gram terpantau turun Rp4.000 di level Rp1.046.000; Harga emas batangan 2,5 gram turun Rp5.000 ke level Rp1.297.500 dan harga emas batangan 3 gram turun Rp6.000 ke level Rp1.549.000;

Tidak berbeda dengan harga emas batangan 4 gram yang turun Rp8.000 ke level Rp2.052.000; Kemudian harga emas batangan 5 gram yang turun Rp10.000 ke level Rp2.565.500, emas batangan 10 gram yang turun Rp20.000 ke level Rp5.090.000 dan harga emas batangan 25 gram yang melemah Rp50.000 ke level Rp12. 650.000.

Sementara harga emas batangan 50 gram turun Rp100.000 ke level Rp25.235.000; Demikian emas batangan 100 gram yang turun Rp200.000 ke level Rp50.420.000 dan emas batangan 250 gram yang turun Rp500.000 ke level Rp125.950.000.

Adapun berdasarkan data CNBC pukul 08.55 WIB, harga emas internasional anjlok US$13,4 (0,83%) ke level US$1.602,4 per troy ons.



Juni 8, 2012

beautiful : emaaa($1570)aa$ … 080612

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 8:14 am

SINGAPURA. Harga emas saat ini menuju penurunan mingguan terburuk dalam sebulan terakhir. Asal tahu saja, pada pukul 15.05 waktu Singapura, harga kontrak emas untuk pengantaran cepat turun 1,2% menjadi US$ 1.570,35 per troy ounce. Dengan demikian, sepanjang minggu ini, penurunan harga emas sudah mencapai 3,3%.

Adapun sentimen yang menyebabkan penurunan harga emas adalah pernyataan the Federal Reserve Ben S Bernanke yang menolak merinci langkah-langkahnya untuk mendongkrak pertumbuhan ekonomi.

Padahal, “Investor berekspektasi, Bernanke akan menawarkan sejumlah stimulus ke pasar. Sehingga, pada saat hal itu tidak terjadi, emas dilanda aksi jual,” jelas Tao Jinfeng, head of investment advisory Haitong Futures Co.

Sementara itu, harga kontrak emas untuk pengantaran Agustus turun 1,1% menjadi US$ 1.569,90 per troy ounce di Comex, New York.



Juni 6, 2012

beautiful: emaaa($0R0$)aa$ … 060612

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 2:57 pm

Gold Bugs Defy Bear-Market Threat With Soros Buying
By Nicholas Larkin and Debarati Roy – Jun 6, 2012 9:23 PM GMT+0700

Billionaire George Soros bought more in the first quarter and hedge-fund manager John Paulson held on to the biggest stake in the SPDR Gold Trust, the largest exchange-traded product backed by bullion, Securities and Exchange Commission filings show. Some investors are refusing to capitulate even after failed elections in Greece drove the euro to a two-year low against the dollar and gold slumped as much as 21 percent in December from the record $1,923.70 set in September.

“The $2,000 target has moved further away, but it still holds,” said John Stephenson, who helps manage $2.7 billion at First Asset Investment Management Inc. in Toronto and predicted in November that prices would reach $2,500 in the next several months. “We will see some easing, and that will push gold higher, but the reality is that we are on hold until the outcome of the Greece elections.”
Bear Market

Gold fell 19 percent by May 16 from its closing high of $1,891.90 in August, within 1 percentage point of the common definition of a bear market. Prices then touched a five-month low of $1,523.90 on Dec. 29. After rallying 3.7 percent on June 1, the metal is now up 4.5 percent since the start of January to $1,637.80 today, extending an 11-year bull market.

The Standard & Poor’s GSCI Spot Index (MXWD) of 24 commodities retreated 7.6 percent this year, and the MSCI All-Country World Index of equities declined 0.8 percent. The U.S. Dollar Index, a measure against six currencies, advanced 2.9 percent. Treasuries returned 2.2 percent, a Bank of America index shows.

Hedge funds and other speculators reduced their net-long positions, or bets on higher prices, by 70 percent since August, Commodity Futures Trading Commission data show. They held 77,325 U.S. futures and options in the week ended May 29, almost the fewest since December 2008.

Gold held through ETPs dropped for a third month in May, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Combined with the decline in prices, the holdings are now valued at $125 billion, down from $141.7 billion in August.
Goldman Predicts

In October, Bank of America forecast $2,000 by early 2012. Goldman predicted in December that gold would reach $1,840 by early June. Barclays and Morgan Stanley said in January that it would average $1,850 and $1,810 this quarter. The metal actually averaged $1,619 since the end of March. Goldman now expects prices to reach $1,940 in 12 months. Barclays predicts an average of $1,790 in the fourth quarter, and Morgan Stanley forecasts $2,000 in the final three months.

Bullion is heading for a 12th straight annual gain, after temporarily giving up its gains for the year last month. The metal rose almost sixfold since the end of 2000, beating the 24 percent advance in the S&P 500, with dividends reinvested, and the 90 percent return on Treasuries. The Dollar Index (DXY) fell 25 percent.

While gold’s four-month drop from February is the longest since the start of the bull market, it’s not the biggest. Futures fell 21 percent in a month in 2006 and 30 percent over eight months in 2008, before rallying to end higher for the year. The 2,375.8 metric tons held in ETPs exceeds official reserves in all but four nations tracked by the International Monetary Fund, and the amount is within 1.5 percent of the record 2,410.2 tons reached in March.
‘Last Resort’

“Gold remains the currency of last resort,” said Jeff Currie, the New York-based head of commodity research at Goldman, which predicts $1,840 by the end of the year. “The case for higher gold prices remains intact.”

Greek voters return to the polls on June 17 after elections on May 6 failed to produce a government. Syriza, a party proposing to cancel the terms of an international bailout and restore pensions and wages, was propelled into second place, increasing prospects that the 17-nation euro would fracture. Those concerns were partially allayed last week after Irish voters backed the EU’s fiscal treaty.

Central banks, the world’s biggest owners of gold, have added to their reserves for 14 consecutive months through March, the longest streak since 1964, IMF data show. Investor demand for gold coins is accelerating, with sales of American Eagles more than doubling to 53,000 ounces last month, according to figures on the U.S. Mint’s website. The 10 most widely held options confer the right to buy bullion at prices from $1,800 to $2,500 between July and March 2013, Comex data show.
‘Asset Bubble’

Soros Fund Management LLC, founded by the 81-year-old billionaire, more than tripled its investment in the SPDR Gold Trust in the first quarter to 319,550 shares now valued at $50.2 million, an SEC filing May 15 showed. It held as few as 42,800 shares last year and as many as 6.2 million at the end of 2009. Soros called gold the “ultimate asset bubble” in January 2010. Michael Vachon, a spokesman for Soros, didn’t respond to a voicemail for comment.

Paulson & Co., founded by the 56-year-old investor who became a billionaire in 2007 by wagering against the subprime mortgage market, still holds 17.3 million shares in the SPDR Gold Trust, now valued at $2.72 billion, an SEC filing on May 15 showed. Paulson is seeking to reverse record losses last year caused by an ill-timed bet on an economic recovery. Armel Leslie, a spokesman for Paulson, declined to comment.
Winning Streak

The decline in prices accelerated a contraction in the size of the gold market. Open interest, or contracts outstanding, fell to 423,433 on June 4, from as much as 650,764 in November 2010, Comex data show. An average of 17.9 million ounces was cleared through London in April, the least since October 2010, according to the London Bullion Market Association.

Prices slumped as investors sought safety in the dollar, the world’s most-used currency, and bonds. The Dollar Index has appreciated for five consecutive weeks, the longest winning streak since January 2009. Yields on 10-year Treasuries, 10-year U.K. gilts and 10-year German bunds declined to records last month, data compiled by Bloomberg show.

“People are moving to the dollar because of liquidity,” said Peter Sorrentino, a senior fund manager at Huntington Asset Advisors in Cincinnati, which oversees $14.7 billion of assets. “Gold has had extended periods in this bull run where it has backed up and given up some of those gains,” he said, predicting $2,000 in the first quarter of next year.
Central Bank

Gold rallied last year in anticipation of the Federal Reserve announcing a third round of debt buying. The metal rose about 70 percent as the Fed bought $2.3 trillion of debt in two rounds of so-called quantitative easing ending in June 2011. The central bank has since held off on prospects for accelerating growth in this and the next two quarters, the median of as many as 69 economist estimates compiled by Bloomberg show.

Demand may also be supported by record-low interest rates from the U.S. to Europe because gold generally earns investors returns only through price gains. The Fed has pledged to keep rates at “exceptionally low levels” at least through late 2014. The European Central Bank, as well as flooding markets with more than 1 trillion euros ($1.23 trillion), has kept its refinancing rate at 1 percent since December.
Cover Losses

Some investors sold gold to cover losses across commodities and equities, said Jeffrey Sica, the Morristown, New Jersey- based president of SICA Wealth Management who helps oversee $1 billion of assets. About $6 trillion was erased from the value of global equities since the end of March, and the S&P GSCI commodities gauge slid 14 percent as Europe’s crisis deepened and growth slowed in China, the biggest consumer of everything from coal to soybeans to copper.

“Gold is still going to $2,000 an ounce this year,” said Michael Widmer, an analyst at Bank of America Merrill Lynch in London, who predicts a fourth-quarter average of $1,875. “It’s just going to take a little bit longer to get there.”

beautiful: 3P … 060612

Filed under: GLOBAL ECONOMY — bumi2009fans @ 12:15 am

Parkir Liar dan Pengamanan Ala Preman
Edward Febriyatri Kusuma – detikNews
Rabu, 06/06/2012 05:28 WIB
… preman, parkir, dan pungli … POLISI!
Jakarta Parkir liar sampai saat ini masih cukup marak di Jakarta. Jenis pengamanan seperti ini bisa masuk kategori premanisme karena hanya mengandalkan jasa keamanan tanpa adanya asuransi.

“Jadi bisa dikatakan sebagai bentuk premanisme. Yang namanya parkir ada transaksi, ada asuransi, ada yang memberikan kenyamanan lahan resmi dan kontribusi jelas kemana,” kata ahli tata kota Yayat Supriyatna saat dihubungi detikcom, Selasa, (5/6/2012).

Yayat menilai juru parkir liar selama ini tidak mempedulikan pelanggaran lalu lintas dan membuat kemacetan. Dia juga mempertanyakan mengenai tanggung jawab juru parkir yang tidak memiliki izin resmi itu terhadap kendaraan yang dijaganya.

“Keberadaan mereka tidak mempedulikan melanggar lalu lintas, atau membuat kemacetan
yang menjadi pertanyaan apakah dia bertanggung jawab,” imbuhnya.

Selain itu, Yayat mengatakan keberadaan parkir liar merugikan masyarakat. Hal itu disebabkan karena, juru parkir liar menggunakan lahan yang merupakan lahan milik publik.

“Artinya parkir liar merugikan, sementara uang tidak masuk ke kas pemerintah ini kan transaksi suka sama suka dimana ada orang yang membutuhkan jasanya dan mereka menyediakan, jadi suka-suka yang mengatur,” tuturnya.

“Kegiatan ekonomi yang tidak terencana jadi kegiatan tidak rencana akan menimbulkan sektor informal baru yang tidak jelas kalau tidak direncanakan tanpa aspek tata kota menimbulkan kegiatan informal baru lebih banyak memberi kerugian bukan urusan mereka itu,” sambungnya.

Seperti diberitakan sebelumnya Polsek Jatinegara menangkap 5 orang juru parkir liar atau biasa disebut ‘Pak Ogah’ yang sering beroperasi di kawasan Kampung Melayu, Jakarta Timur, karena mereka dianggap meresahkan. dari hasil penangkapan Polsek Jatinegara akan kembali melakuakn operasi penertiban penyakit masyarakat.


Juni 5, 2012

beautiful: emaaa(INDIA’s move)aa$ … 060612

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 10:48 pm

Gold Being Sold Aggressively in India as Prices Near Record
By Madelene Pearson – Jun 5, 2012

Gold consumers in India, the world’s biggest importer, are “aggressively” selling the metal after prices surged to a record, an industry group said.

“In some areas consumers are selling more than jewelers,” Bachhraj Bamalwa, chairman of the All India Gems & Jewellery Trade Federation, said today in a phone interview. “They are selling aggressively.”

Gold in India climbed to a record on June 2 after the rupee fell to an all-time low against the dollar, while global prices are down 16 percent from a peak reached in September. The jump in scrap sales adds to evidence of slowing demand in India that may lose its spot as the world’s largest bullion market in 2012 to China, according to the World Gold Council.

“Physical buying is not there, because prices are very high,” said Ketan Shroff, a director with Pushpak Bullions Pvt. in Mumbai. “Everybody is selling. Even retail investors, who had invested at lower levels, are sellers right now.”

Futures for August-delivery rose 0.6 percent to 30,104 rupees ($540) per 10 grams on the Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd. at 3:52 p.m. in Mumbai, near last week’s record 30,156 rupees. Global prices for spot gold traded at $1,619.27 an ounce, down from an all-time high of $1,921.15.

Scrap sales in India may more than double to about 300 metric tons in 2012 from 130 tons a year ago, Prithviraj Kothari, president of the Bombay Bullion Association, said on May 29. Gold demand will be “very poor” in the next two months, he said today.
Monsoon Dependence

“Demand in June and July is always very poor in any year,” Kothari said by phone from Mumbai. “Imports are always down as there are no festivals, no marriage season and everything depends on the monsoon and lots of farmers are selling their gold in the market to purchase their new crops.”

India’s gold demand may fall 4 percent by volume in 2012 and gain 4 percent by value, Morgan Stanley said in a May 31 report. Volume demand will decline 13 percent in urban areas and 4 percent in rural areas, it said.

Scrap sales will continue until prices come down, the jewelry federation’s Bamalwa said by phone from Kolkata.

On the National Spot Exchange Ltd., India’s biggest bourse for physical metal contracts, demand for gold and silver fell by about 20 percent to 25 percent this year because of higher taxes and prices, Chief Executive Officer Anjani Sinha said today.

“At this level demand is low,” he said in a phone interview from Mumbai. “It will only pick-up when the marriage seasons starts,” in September, he said.

Gold demand in India fell to 207.6 tons in the quarter ended March 31 from 290.6 tons a year ago, after the government increased import duties, the World Gold Council said on May 17. Investment demand dropped 46 percent and jewelry demand fell 19 percent, it said that day.

beautiful: emaaa(Rp150 Jt)aa$ … 050612

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 9:57 am

Pembiayaan Emas di Bank Syariah Dipatok Rp 150 Juta
Herdaru Purnomo – detikfinance
Selasa, 05/06/2012 16:05 WIB
Jakarta – Bank Indonesia (BI) mengeluarkan Surat Edaran Bank Indonesia No.14/16/DPbS tanggal 31 Mei 2012 Perihal Produk Pembiayaan Kepemilikan Emas Bagi Bank Syariah dan Unit Usaha Syariah. Salah satu poinnya, pembiayaan emas via bank syariah dipatok hanya Rp 150 juta.

BI memaparkan penerbitan SE ini dilatarbelakangi oleh adanya fatwa Dewan Syariah Nasional Nomor 77/DSN-MUI/V/2010 tanggal 3 Juni 2010 perihal Jual Beli Emas Secara Tidak Tunai yang memungkinkan masyarakat untuk memiliki emas melalui pembelian secara tangguh.

“Penerbitan SE ini bertujuan untuk memberikan acuan bagi perbankan syariah dalam menjalankan produk Pembiayaan Kepemilikan Emas (PKE) dalam rangka meningkatkan kehati-hatian bank yang menyalurkan produk PKE,” ungkap Deputi Gubernur BI Halim Alamsyah dalam publikasi surat edaran BI seperti dikutip detikFinance, Selasa (5/6/2012).

Menurut Halim, ketentuan ini berlaku untuk Bank Umum Syariah, Unit Usaha Syariah, dan BPRS.

Berikut pokok-pokok pengaturan produk PKE :

Bank Syariah atau UUS wajib memiliki kebijakan dan prosedur tertulis secara memadai.
Agunan PKE adalah emas yang dibiayai oleh Bank Syariah atau UUS yang diikat secara gadai, disimpan secara fisik di Bank Syariah atau UUS, dan tidak dapat ditukar dengan agunan lain.
Bank Syariah atau UUS dilarang mengenakan biaya penyimpanan dan pemeliharaan atas emas yang digunakan sebagai agunan PKE.
Jumlah PKE setiap nasabah ditetapkan paling banyak sebesar Rp 150.000.000,00. Nasabah dimungkinkan untuk memperoleh PKE dan Qardh Beragun Emas secara bersamaan, dengan jumlah saldo secara keseluruhan paling banyak Rp 250.000.000,00 dan jumlah saldo untuk PKE paling banyak Rp 150.000.000,00.
Uang muka PKE paling rendah 20% untuk emas lantakan (batangan) dan paling rendah sebesar 30% untuk emas perhiasan.
Jangka waktu PKE paling singkat 2 tahun dan paling lama 5 tahun.
Pembayaran PKE dilakukan dengan cara angsuran dalam jumlah yang sama setiap bulan.

“Bank Syariah dan UUS yang menjalankan produk PKE sebelum memperoleh izin dari BI dikenakan sanksi teguran tertulis dan denda uang. Bagi Bank Syariah atau UUS yang menjalankan produk PKE yang tidak sesuai dengan ketentuan dapat dikenakan sanksi berupa penghentian produk PKE tersebut,” tutup Halim.


Juni 4, 2012

beautiful: emaaa(Rp483K)aa$ … 040612

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 2:59 pm

Senin, 04 Juni 2012 | 15:05 WIB
Harga Emas Internasional Melejit, Emas di Jakarta Ikut Naik

TEMPO.CO, Sydney – Harga emas di pasar Asia siang ini sempat melanjutkan kenaikannya hingga ke US$ 1.626 per troy ounce. Meningkatnya aksi menghindari risiko investor serta mencuatnya kembali harapan pembelian aset oleh bank sentral AS (The Fed) memicu harga logam mulai melonjak US$ 58,1 (3,72 persen) menjadi 1.621,4 per troy ounce di bursa komoditas New York akhir pekan lalu.

Dengan asumsi 1 dolar AS = Rp 9.400, dan 1 troy ounce = 31,04 gram, harga emas di New York Merchantile Exchange pada penutupan Jumat lalu sebesar Rp 491 ribu per gram.

Melonjaknya harga emas di pasar internasional serta melemahnya nilai tukar rupiah ke 9.400 per dolar AS membawa berkah bagi harga emas domestik. Harga emas di Jakarta di situs logammulia.com hari ini naik Rp 8.000 (1,5 persen) menjadi Rp 543 ribu per gram dibanding harga Jumat lalu. Sedangkan untuk harga beli kembali dipatok Rp 483 ribu per gramnya.

Pelonjakan harga emas akhir pekan lalu akibat lemahnya tenaga kerja AS jauh di bawah perkiraan para analis sebelumnya, “Sehingga muncul kembali harapan adanya sinyal pelonggaran kuantitatif lanjutan (QE 3) oleh bank sentral,” kata Jonathan Robinson, ahli strategi dari Icap.

Bila stimulus ekonomi dilakukan, diperkirakan bakal kembali memicu kenaikan harga logam mulia, dan investor yang khawatir terhadap gejolak mata uang akan lebih memilih emas sebagai alternatif menempatkan portofolionya.


Juni 3, 2012

beautiful: emaaa(GADAI RE$M1)aa$ … 030612

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 3:41 am

Mau Cicil Emas di Bank? Baca Aturan Ini
| Erlangga Djumena | Sabtu, 2 Juni 2012 | 06:08 WIB

JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com — Bank Indonesia (BI) resmi mengeluarkan aturan mengenai kepemilikan emas menggunakan akad murabahah. Dengan akad tersebut, nasabah bisa memiliki emas dengan cara mencicil.

Aturan yang tertuang dalam SE Nomor 14/16/DPbS perihal produk pembiayaan kepemilikan emas (PKE) tersebut berlaku bagi bank umum syariah (BUS), unit usaha syariah, dan bank perkreditan rakyat syariah (BPRS). Obyek PKE yang dimaksud ialah emas batangan ataupun perhiasan.

Ada beberapa pokok yang ditekankan BI dalam aturan yang resmi meluncur pada 31 Mei 2012 ini. Pertama, baik bank syariah maupun unit usaha syariah (UUS) wajib memiliki kebijakan dan prosedur tertulis secara memadai.

Kedua, agunan PKE adalah emas yang dibiayai bank syariah atau UUS yang diikat secara gadai, disimpan secara fisik di bank syariah atau UUS, dan tidak dapat ditukar dengan agunan lain.

Ketiga, bank syariah atau UUS dilarang mengenakan biaya penyimpanan dan pemeliharaan atas emas yang digunakan sebagai agunan PKE.

Keempat, jumlah PKE per nasabah maksimal Rp 150 juta. Nasabah dimungkinkan memperoleh PKE dan Qardh Beragun Emas secara bersamaan dengan jumlah saldo secara keseluruhan maksimal Rp 250 juta dan jumlah saldo untuk PKE maksimal Rp 150 juta.

Kelima, uang muka PKE minimal 20 persen untuk emas batangan, sedangkan untuk emas perhiasan minimal 30 persen. Keenam, jangka waktu PKE dibatasi 2-5 tahun. Pembayarannya dilakukan secara angsuran dalam jumlah yang sama setiap bulan.

Direktur Eksekutif Departemen Perbankan Syariah BI Edy Setiadi mengungkapkan aturan tersebut bertujuan memberi acuan bagi perbankan syariah menjalankan PKE agar meningkatkan kehati-hatian bank yang menyalurkan produk PKE.

“Aturan ini meski di satu sisi untuk membeli emas, bukan itu sasarannya. Layanan ini bisa digunakan usaha mikro dan kecil sebagai sarana untuk menabung sehingga sewaktu-waktu ada keperluan mendadak bisa dipakai untuk berjaga-jaga,” ungkap Edy, Jumat (1/6/2012). (Astri Kharina Bangun/Kontan)
JAKARTA- Harga emas diprediksi akan melanjutkan potensi konsolidasi pada sekitar area 1.580–1.606 dolar AS per troy ons, kata analis Ariston Tjendra.

Ariston Tjendra yang juga Head of Research and Analysis PT Monex Investindo Futures di Jakarta, Senin (4/6), mengatakan bahwa kenaikan harga emas akhir pekan lalu yang berhasil menembus level 1.600 dolar AS per troy ons, dan bahkan mencapai 1.630 dolar AS per troy ons didorong oleh melemahnya nilai tukar dolar AS.

“Pelemahan yang terjadi pada dolar AS mendongkrak kembali harga emas,” kata Ariston.

Kenaikan harga emas ini, lanjut Ariston, berpotensi membawa harga pada penguatan selanjutnya. Namun, hal penting yang perlu diperhatikan adalah perkembangan berita dari zona euro.

Tercatat pada akhir pekan lalu, emas berjangka ditutup menguat hampir 4 persen. Itu merupakan penguatan terbesar dalam sehari perdagangan sejak Agustus 2011.

Emas untuk pengiriman Agustus menanjak 57,90 dolar AS per troy ons atau 3,7 persen, menjadi 1.622,10 dolar AS per troy ons di Comex, divisi dari New York Mercantile Exchange.

Itu menandai persentase kenaikan terbesar dalam sehari perdagangan sejak Agustus 2011. Secara total selama sepekan harga emas naik 3,4 persen.


Bank Indonesia (BI) mencatat aset dalam bentuk emas di 2011 mencapai Rp 33,51 triliun atau meningkat Rp 3,76 triliun dari periode sebelumnya di 2010 yang hanya Rp 29,75 triliun.

Nilai dari cadangan emas di BI terus meningkat setiap tahunnya, hal ini disinyalir dengan terus melambungnya harga emas. Di 2009 saja, cadangan emas di BI hanya mencapai Rp 24,356 triliun.

Dikutip detikFinance, Senin (4/6/2012) dari Laporan Keuangan BI di 2011, ternyata bank sentral juga menyimpan uang asing sebanyak Rp 4 miliar berikut beberapa surat utang.

Tercatat surat berharga mencapai Rp 843,12 triliun kemudian Surat Utang Negara Republik Indonesia yang mencapai Rp 82,40 triliun. Nilai giro yang ada di bank sentral di 2011 mencapai Rp 22,51 triliun.

Total aktiva BI hingga akhir 2011 mencapai Rp 1.371 triliun. Namun di 2011 ini BI mengalami defisit hingga Rp 25,14 triliun atau lebih tinggi dibanding deifisit tahun 2010 yang sebesar Rp 12,15 triliun.

Sumber: detikcom

beautiful: hukum utama SEL

Filed under: GLOBAL ECONOMY — bumi2009fans @ 1:00 am

Moore’s law, named after the co-founder of chip maker Intel Gordon Moore, stipulates an industry trend of doubling the number of transistors that can fit on a chip every two years at about half the price, improving processing speed, computer memory capacity or the number and size of pixels in a digital camera.
… satu hari OBAT-OBATAN juga menggunakan hukum ini … semakin kecil wahana obat, semakin murah dan semakin efektif, terutama untuk obat antikanker, antibiotik, dan antivirus 🙂

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