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Desember 23, 2011

playboy: susu formula diselidiki … 231211

Filed under: Medicine — bumi2009fans @ 12:26 am

Saham-saham di bursa Wall Street kembali menguat sehingga membawa indeks Standard & Poor’s 500 (S&P) mendekati level break even. Saham Mead Johnson Nutrition tercatat anjlok 7,9% setelah munculnya laporan yang menghubungkan susu formula Enfamil dengan kematian seorang bayi akibat bakteri yang sangat jarang.

AFP melaporkan, raksasa ritel Walmart telah menarik susu formula dari 3.000 outletnya setelah dua bayi di Missouri dilaporkan sakit dan salah satu diantaranya meninggal. Penarikan tetap dilakukan meski pemerintah belum memerintahkan.

Pihak Mead Johnson Nutrition mengatakan pihaknya sedang bekerjasama dengan otoritas kesehatan untuk mendukung upaya mereka mengidentifikasi sumber-sumber infeksi bayi tersebut. Pejabat kesehatan di Missouri telah mengirimkan susu formula tersebut ke laboratorium federal untuk pengujian dan mendesak para orang tua berhati-hati karena prosuk susu formula merupakan produk komersial yang tidak steril.

Sementara saham-saham lain menguat didorong oleh optimisme pasar yang sedikit bertambah dari angka klaim benefit pengangguran yang turun tajam selama pekan lalu ke titik terendahnya dalam 3,5 tahun.

“Satu, angka rendah yang tidak diperkirakan dapat secara mudah santapan, kedua menjadi menarik dan ketika menunjukkan kepada kami sesuatu yang nyata terjadi di pasar perburuhan,” jelas Ian Shepherdson dari High Frequency Economics seperti dikutip dari AFP, Jumat (23/12/2011).

Pada perdagangan Kamis (22/12/2011), indeks Dow Jones industrial average ditutup menguat 61,91 poin (0,51%) ke level 12.169,65. Indeks Standard & Poor’s 500 juga menguat 10,28 poin (0,83%) ke level 1.254,00 dan Nasdaq menguat 2.599,45.

“Ini adalah fakta yang mendukung bahwa perekonomian mendapatkan momentum dan kuartal IV akan lebih baik dari ekspektasi orang sebulan lalu,” jelas Jim McDonald, chief investment strategis Trust Global Investment seperti dikutip dari Reuters.

Saham Bank of America naik 5% sehari setelah sepakat membayar denda US$ 335 juta karena diskriminasi dalam pemberian kredit. Sementara saham Citigroup juga menguat 5,9%.

Namun perdagangan berjalan tipis dengan transaksi di New York Stock Exchange hanya sebesar 5,88 miliar lembar saham, di bawah rata-rata harian yang sebesar 8,47 miliar lembar.

Sumber: detikcom
Baby’s Death Spurs Investigation Into Formula Contamination
By Michelle Fay Cortez and Stephanie Armour – Dec 22, 2011

State and U.S. health officials are racing to find the source of contamination after one newborn died and another became ill from bacteria that may be linked to the use of baby formula.

Regulators are testing samples of powdered formula, along with the water used to prepare the products and the clothes the children wore, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Mead Johnson Nutrition Co. (MJN) plunged 10 percent in New York trading after Wal-Mart Stores Inc. (WMT) pulled its Enfamil Newborn formula from shelves after it was determined the infant who died was given that brand.

The other formula wasn’t identified by health officials. Both infants tested positive for Cronobacter, an environmental bacteria that can cause serious illness or death. If the formula itself is to blame, it would probably spur a national recall, said Siobhan DeLancey, an FDA spokeswoman.

“We are trying to figure out whether it came from the food,” DeLancey said by telephone. “We take these into local labs and test them. We expect first results back next week.”

U.S. health officials probe about four to six such cases a year, she said.

Neither Wal-Mart, based in Bentonville, Arkansas, nor Mead Johnson, in Glenview, Illinois, provided the number of cans pulled from shelves. The number is in the thousands, and about half of Wal-Mart’s stores carry the formula, said Chris Perille, a spokesman for Mead Johnson.
Shares Drop

Mead Johnson fell to $68.76 at 4 p.m. New York time. Wal- Mart fell less than a percent to $59.19.

Customers can return the withdrawn formula for a refund or exchange, said Dianna Gee, a spokeswoman for the world’s biggest retailer. The company had 3,856 stores in the U.S. as of Nov. 30, according to its website.

The Missouri Department of Public Health and Senior Services on Dec. 19 issued a health alert on two babies infected with the bacteria within the last month, according to the agency’s website. The department didn’t say if the second infant, who lived out-of-state but was treated in Missouri, used the Mead Johnson product.

Cronobacter is part of a family of a family of microorganisms called Enterobacter sakazakii that has a fatality rate of 40 percent to 80 percent in infants, according to Marler Clark, a Seattle-based law firm that focuses on foodborne illness litigation.
Purchase at Wal-Mart

The dead child’s family “purchased the formula at a Wal- Mart store, and ‘out of an abundance of caution’ Wal-Mart decided to voluntarily ‘pull & hold’ the same size cans (12.5 oz.) of Enfamil Newborn from the same batch code until the investigation is completed,” said Chris Perille, a spokesman for Mead Johnson, in an e-mailed statement.

The batch consumed by the infant who died tested negative when it was made and packaged, and the results were reconfirmed after the news, he said.

“Outbreaks of this particular bacteria are typically linked to powdered infant formula, but it is unclear at this point where along the chain the contamination occurred or if the formula is the cause altogether,” Edward Aaron, an analyst with RBC Capital Markets in Denver, wrote in a research note today.

Wal-Mart learned of the death Dec. 18, Gee said. The company immediately removed the product from the Lebanon store and the next day notified more than 3,000 stores in 49 states.

Wal-Mart has had “nearly 100 percent compliance” from its stores, she said.
‘Products Could Return’

“Since we knew there was an active investigation by the Missouri Department of Health, we decided it was best to pull the product until the investigation is complete,” Gee wrote in an e-mail. “The products could be returned at a later date.”

While it’s premature for parents to change what they feed their infants, it’s important to remind them to prepare formula properly, said Lorry Rubin, chief of pediatric infectious diseases at Cohen Children’s Medical Center of New York.

Glassware and bottles should be cleaned and sterilized and the water should be boiled and cooled before it is added to powdered formula, he said. Any extra prepared formula should be immediately refrigerated and used within 24 hours, he said.

Bacteria from the Cronobacter family are known to have contaminated infant formula, he said in a telephone interview. The strains are similar to the bacteria humans carry in their gut and typically doesn’t cause significant concern, he said.

“The powder formula isn’t necessarily a sterile product, but taking precautions, even if there is a small amount of bacteria in there, it shouldn’t be enough to harm the baby,” Rubin said. “If you re-warm it or make improperly, the bacteria can multiply and you have a higher risk of getting ill.”
Market Share

The Enfa brands, which include Enfamil, accounted for 79 percent of Mead Johnson’s $3.14 billion in 2010 revenue, and were the world’s lead brand franchise in pediatric nutrition based on retail sales, the company said in a February filing. About 12 percent of Mead Johnson’s sales come from Wal-Mart, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

Several cases of foodborne illness from infant formula are reported each year to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Lola Scott Russell, a spokeswoman, said in an e- mail.

Last year, Abbott Laboratories recalled Similac-brand powder infant formulas distributed in the U.S., Puerto Rico, Guam and some Caribbean nations because of possible insect contamination.

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