eK0n0mi taK seriU$ d/h ekonomitakserius@blogspot.com

Agustus 28, 2011

paralyzed: 1 mil dalam 4 menit … 280811

Filed under: Medicine — bumi2009fans @ 5:23 pm

Man broke four-minute mile record … 200 years ago

Duncan Mackay, athletics correspondent
The Observer, Sunday 2 May 2004

The cheers still echo from the day Roger Bannister smashed the four-minute mile. This week, the fiftieth anniversary of his epoch-making feat will be marked by TV programmes, an Oxford University dinner and a special race at Balmoral Castle. But the celebrations may be too late. In fact 184 years too late, it is claimed today.

The magical barrier of running a mile in less than four minutes – once widely believed to be physically impossible – was first achieved not in 1954 by Bannister but in 1770, according to new research. And the unlikely hero of sport’s greatest milestone was a market trader named James Parrot.

The respected author and former athlete Peter Radford claims Parrot completed a measured mile from Charter house Wall in Goswell Road, London, then ran the length of Old Street for a wager of 15 guineas to five (£1,380 to £460 in 2004 values). But the triumph was airbrushed out of history by the Victorians whose amateur sporting ethos was at odds with Parrot’s professional status.

Radford, professor of sports studies at Brunel university and a former world record holder at 200 metres, has spent 20 years researching the achievements of eigh teenth-century runners. He has walked the course on which Parrot ran, and is convinced the record is genuine. The ex-chairman of British Athletics has also unearthed evidence of other sub-four-minute milers, including a newspaper report from 1796.

‘There is increasing evidence that these athletes from 200 years ago were far better than we have been prepared to give them credit for,’ Radford said. ‘What I’m intrigued by is the paradox that everyone has to go down to the gym to get fit because we live in an era where we have so many labour-saving devices, yet we think we’re in an age where we produce the best athletes.’

Radford, author of a highly acclaimed book about sport in Regency Britain, said: ‘I have come across a range of extraordinary things that have been dismissed. For example, when the Mary Rose was lifted from the bottom of the sea there were bows found that no one in modern archery could pull because they weren’t strong enough.’

Dr Greg Whyte, head of science and research at the English Institute of Sport, supported Radford’s conclusions. ‘Taking the evolutionary process of man we have become much more sedentary,’ he said. ‘In the twenty-first century we’re less likely to run the kind of distances and times we once did.’

But Alan Storey, UK Athletics’ performance director for endurance, dismissed the Parrot case. ‘It would have required an extremely talented athlete who would have had to have been a couple of hundred years ahead of his time in training techniques,’ he said.

The claims appear unlikely to upset a celebratory athletics meeting at Oxford’s Iffley Road, where Bannister ran 3min 59.4sec on 6 May 1954.

Iklan

Agustus 26, 2011

paralyzed: emaaa($1770)aa$ … 260811

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 9:23 am

SINGAPURA: Setelah meluncur menuju penurunan mingguan yang mematahkan kenaikan beruntun terpanjang dalam lebih dari 4 tahun setelah pasar saham rebound dan margin berjangka dibesarkan untuk kedua kalinya bulan ini, harga emas diperkirakan akan kembali menanjak.

Harga emas batangan untuk pengiriman segera turun 0,9% menjadi US$1.757,80 per ounce dan berada di US$1.770,75 pada pukul 14:50 waktu Singapura. Harga logam ini telah menurun 7,5% dari rekor US$1.913,50 pada 23 Agustus dan kehilangan 4,4% pekan ini.

Di pasar derivatif harga kontrak emas pengiriman Desember naik untuk hari kedua, sebesar 1,3% menjadi US$1.785,60 per ounce di Comex, dan terakhir diperdagangkan di US$1.775,60. Harga emas berjangka jatuh 5,6% pada 24 Agustus, terbesar sejak Maret 2008, karena beberapa investor menjual logam setelah ekuitas rebound dan margin perdagangan berjangka dinaikkan untuk kedua kalinya bulan ini.

“Kami berharap harga emas akan tetap didukung oleh pandangan yang lebih lemah untuk dolar AS dan ketidakpastian ekonomi serta gejolak keuangan dari zona euro soal surat utang,” tulis Analis Commonwealth Bank of Australia, termasuk Lachlan Shaw di dalamnya.

Sebelum minggu ini, emas telah naik selama 7 pekan berturut-turut yang merupakan kenaikan mingguan terpanjang sejak April 2007. Sedangkan dalam tahun ini logam mulia telah maju 24%, berada dalam keuntungan tahunan ke-11 yang disebabkan oleh merosotnya pasar saham, turunnya nilai mata uang dan kekhawatiran inflasi sehingga mendorong investor untuk mencari penyimpan nilai kekayaan.

Survei Bloomberg atas 80 ekonom menunjukkan perkiraan data yang rilis hari ini akan memperlihatkan AS tumbuh 1,1% pada kuartal kedua, turun dari perkiraan sebelumnya 1,3%.

Spekulasi bahwa Federal Reserve Ben S. Bernanke mungkin memberi sinyal putaran ketiga pembelian aset untuk merangsang perekonomian pada pertemuan bankir bank sentral di Jackson Hole, Wyoming, hari ini membantu mendorong saham Asia lebih tinggi dan dolar lebih rendah terhadap kelompok 6 mata uang untuk pertama kali setelah 3 hari naik.

“Bernanke mungkin akan mengisyaratkan bahwa ia siap untuk menggunakan stimulus lebih lanjut jika ekonomi memburuk,” ujar Pu Yonghao, kepala strategi investasi pada UBS Wealth Management, kepada Bloomberg Television. Dia juga mengatakan bahwa orang-orang khawatir kemungkinan resesi telah meningkat, dan emas adalah semacam asuransi, yakni untuk mengasuransikan terhadap potensi pelonggaran kuantitatif yang akan melemahkan dolar.

Perak tunai melemah 1,4% menjadi US$40,52 per ounce, paladium turun 0,3% menjadi US$749,75 per ounce, dan platina sedikit berubah pada US$1.819,50 per ounce.

http://www.bisnis.com/articles/ekspektasi-perlemahan-dolar-akan-naikkan-harga-emas

Sumber : BISNIS.COM

Agustus 25, 2011

paralyzed: tersenyum = PANJANG UMUR … 250811

Filed under: Medicine — bumi2009fans @ 5:47 am

Tersenyumlah untuk perpanjang usia

Oleh Antara

Kamis, 25 Agustus 2011 | 11:59 WIB

LOS ANGELES: Senyuman tak hanya gerakan dari kedua belah bibir. Senyuman merupakan ekspresi wajah dan setiap senyum memiliki makna.

Dalam buku terbarunya yang berjudul Lip Service, Profesor ilmu Psikologi dari Yale University Marianne LaFrance meneliti makna senyuman.

Dia meneliti senyuman dari sudut pandang ilmu biologi dan antropologi. Dengan menggunakan perangkat komputer, dia mengkaji beberapa bentuk dan makna senyuman. Berikut ini serangkaian fakta seputar makna senyuman seperti dikutip dari laman medicmagic.

1. Dalam laporan yang diterbitkan tahun lalu, sebuah penelitian memuat analisis dari 230 pemain baseball. Mereka mendapati bahwa orang yang sering tersenyum dan memiliki senyum lepas dan lebar memiliki kesempatan untuk hidup 4,9 tahun lebih lama ketimbang pemain yang hanya sedikit tersenyum dan tujuh tahun lebih lama ketimbang mereka yang sama sekali tidak tersenyum.

Ttentu saja, kita tak dapat menghitung bahwa senyum yang lebar terkait umur panjang. Setidaknya hal itu terbukti bahwa sebuah senyuman mengeluarkan energi positif yang berkaitan dengan kondisi tubuh yang prima.

2. Senyum membangkitkan energi bawah sadar. Orang yang tersenyum akan menerima dunia itu lebih terang.

3. Sebuah artikel dalam British Medical Jurnal melaporkan bahwa hal itu berkaitan dengan ungkapan cinta melalui situs jejaring sosial. Ketika seseorang merasa senang, maka perasaannya akan menyebar ke pihak lain. Jika kita tersenyum, maka orang lain akan juga tersenyum.

4. Ada senyuman yang asli dan senyuman yang palsu. Keduanya dibedakan oleh jalur syaraf yang terpisah. Kita semua tahu bahwa orang yang menderita kerusakan otak parsial masih dapat tersenyum meski mereka tidak dapat melakukannya dengan baik.

5. Untuk mengetahui apakah sunggingan senyum palsu atau tidak, lihatlah mata seseorang. Orang yang sungguh-sungguh tersenyum, otot mukanya (orbicularis oculi) akan terangsang. Terjadi kontraksi sekitar mata. Kebanyakan dari kita tak dapat mengendalikan otot ini. Ketika seseorang memalsukan senyum, maka otot wajahnya tak akan bergerak. (ea)
Smiles and Longevity: Game Faces and Life Faces
A Duchenne smile predicts longevity.
Published on April 8, 2010 by Christopher Peterson, Ph.D. in The Good Life

One of the parable studies of positive psychology is the investigation of Duchenne smiles and marital satisfaction reported by Harker and Keltner (2001). These researchers analyzed 114 pictures from the 1958 and 1960 yearbooks of a women’s college in the Bay Area. All but three of the young women were smiling, but the smiles varied. Some showed what is called a Duchenne smile: a genuine, full-faced expression of happiness indexed by the degree to which the muscles surrounding one’s eyes are contracted – crinkled, as it were. Others did not, smiling with only their mouths, displaying what are dubbed flight attendant smiles. On a 10-point scale reflecting the “Duchenne-ness” of these yearbook smiles, the average rating was 3.8.

The researchers chose these particular pictures for analysis because the women in them were participants in a long-term study of important life events. Specifically, the researchers knew – decades after the yearbook photos – whether the women were married and if they were satisfied with their marriage. As it turns out, the Duchenne-ness of their yearbook smiles predicted both of these outcomes. Young women who expressed positive emotions (happiness) in yearbook photos, and presumably in other venues of their lives, as middle-aged women had better marriages.

The skeptic might wonder if these results reflect the operation of some confound like physical attractiveness. Leaving aside the fact that physical beauty is not much of a route to happiness for people in general, prettiness did not account for the results in this particular sample. Harker and Keltner rated how attractive the pictures were, and this rating – largely independent of the Duchenne-ness rating – did not predict who had a satisfying marriage.

This is a provocative study, and I always mention it when giving a talk on happiness or positive psychology.

It was thus with interest that I read a more recent study that also looked at Duchenne smiles, in this case those shown in photographs of Major League Baseball players from the 1952 season (Abel & Kruger, 2010). The degree to which a player evidenced a Duchenne smile was coded, from no smile to partial (non-Duchenne) smile to full (Duchenne) smile. The percentages of players in each category were 42%, 43%, and 15%, respectively.

Analyses focused on the 150 players who had died as of June 2009, and the outcome measure of interest was longevity. Players who did not smile at all on average lived for 72 years. Those who smiled a bit on average lived for 75 years. And those with Duchenne smiles on average lived for 80 years. These are statistically significant differences, and possible confounds were controlled, including attractiveness. But these are also what I call significant significant differences. If we take these results at face value (no pun intended), a Duchenne smile is worth five to eight extra years of life … happy years.

I have been a sports fan forever, and maybe it’s just me, but it seems as if what it means to “put on a game face” has changed. Once upon a time, players in a variety of sports did their best to look confident and in control, whereas others tried to convey nothing (a poker face). But more recently, many athletes scowl and look incredibly angry. During the recent NCAA basketball tournament, I felt that I was watching a series of 40-minute unsychronized haka dances.

One’s game face is a tactic used to intimidate the opponent and to bolster one’s own self as a player. If a game face is simply a tactic, then who cares? But if one’s game face also reflects one’s typical approach to life – if the game face is also the life face – then I worry about today’s athletes. I wish they smiled more often, if not during games and matches then at least before and after.

Mind you, the smiles were not causes of longevity in the study just described, simply markers of how these men presumably lived their lives, happily or not. Pasting a phony smile on your face is not going to make you live longer. But perhaps doing the sorts of things that positive psychologists have shown to produce lasting happiness might be beneficial.

And even if not, you’ll have a better time more along the way, and so will everyone else who sees you.

References

Abel, E. L., & Kruger, M. L. (2010). Smile intensity in photographs predicts longevity. Psychological Science.

Harker, L. A., & Keltner, D. (2001). Expressions of positive emotion in women’s college yearbook pictures and their relationship to personality and life outcomes across adulthood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Agustus 24, 2011

paralyzed: emaaa($1789)aa$ … 240811

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 5:09 pm

LONDON- Harga emas turun tajam karena aksi ambil untung (profit taking) pada Rabu (24/8), satu hari setelah melewati 1.900 dolar AS per troy ounce untuk pertama kalinya, kata pedagang.

Emas turun serendah US$1.761,28 per troy ons di London Bullion Market setelah mencapai rekor tertinggi US$1.913,50 per troy ons pada Selasa — kehilangan 8%.

Investor telah bergegas mengambil cepat-cepat logam mulia ‘safe haven’ dalam beberapa pekan terakhir karena kekhawatiran resesi global baru dan di tengah krisis utang zona euro.

“Setelah menembus US$1.900 dolar AS per troy ons, harga emas jatuh karena profit taking muncul tetapi latar belakang makro tetap menguntungkan bagi emas,” analis Barclays Capital Suki Cooper mengatakan dalam sebuah catatan kepada kliennya. (ant/hrb)

http://www.investor.co.id/marketandcorporatenews/emas-turun-tajam-setelah-capai-rekor-tertinggi/18922

Sumber : INVESTOR DAILY
Gold Tumbles Most Since December 2008
By Pham-Duy Nguyen and Debarati Roy – Aug 24, 2011

Gold plunged in New York, heading for the biggest drop in 18 months, on speculation that financial markets may be stabilizing, eroding the appeal of the precious metal as a haven.

Bullion has tumbled more than 5 percent in two days, erasing gains in the past two weeks that sent the metal up as much as 16 percent since Aug. 5 to a record $1,917.90 an ounce yesterday. On Aug. 16, Wells Fargo & Co. said rising speculative demand from investors had pushed the market into a “bubble that is poised to burst.”

“This is liquidation from a crowded trade,” Adam Klopfenstein, a senior market strategist at MF Global Holdings Ltd. in Chicago, said in a telephone interview. “In the short run, there’s more optimism and that doesn’t bode well for gold. Investors have been using gold more as a fear barometer than a proxy for inflation.”

Gold futures for December delivery plunged $72.30, or 3.9 percent, to $1,789 an ounce at 12:11 p.m. on the Comex in New York. A close at that level would be the biggest loss since Feb. 4, 2010.

The dollar rose against a basket of six major currencies amid speculation about whether Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke will say this week that the central bank is willing to provide more stimulus to the economy. Central bankers meet this week in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, to address the U.S. recovery. Gold gained 31 percent this year through yesterday as burgeoning global debt crises and turmoil in equity markets boosted the appeal of the metal as an alternative asset.
Soros, Paulson

In the second quarter, George Soros and Eric Mindich cut their holdings in the SPDR Gold Trust, the biggest exchange- traded fund backed by the metal. Paulson & Co., the U.S. hedge fund run by John Paulson, maintained its position of 31.5 million shares, the biggest stake in the ETF.

“This is just pure panic selling,” Frank McGhee, the head dealer at Integrated Brokerage Services in Chicago, said in a telephone interview. Before today, gold’s 14-day relative strength had been above 70 since Aug. 8, a signal to technical traders that prices are poised to fall.

Orders for U.S. durable goods climbed more than forecast in July.

“Europe is on vacation and the sovereign-debt fears are being addressed,” Frank Lesh, a trader at FuturePath Trading, said in a telephone interview from Chicago. “The currency markets are pretty stable and not scaring anybody at the moment.”
ETP Holdings

Holdings of bullion-backed ETPs fell for a third day yesterday, sliding 1.1 percent to 2,181.6 metric tons, the biggest drop since January, data compiled by Bloomberg show. Assets reached a record 2,216.8 tons on Aug. 8.

“Gold got pushed up on the idea that Bernanke will announce further quantitative easing,” Patricia Mohr, a commodity market specialist at Scotia Capital, said in a telephone interview. “Now people are not so sure whether that will happen and that is creating disappointment in the gold market.”

The decline may be a buying opportunity to some investors, said James Dailey, who manages $200 million at TEAM Financial Management in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

“A lot of traders and investors who are long-term bullish on gold sold out hoping for a correction because of how much it went up,” said Dailey. “The drivers remain intact. The toughest thing to do is stay invested during the various parabolas and sit through the corrections.”

Agustus 23, 2011

paralyzed: implan logam panggul BEREFEK buruk … 240811

Filed under: Medicine — bumi2009fans @ 5:08 pm

August 22, 2011
Hip Implant Complaints Surge, Even as the Dangers Are Studied
By BARRY MEIER and JANET ROBERTS
nyt

The federal government has received a surge in complaints in recent months about failed hip replacements, suggesting that serious problems persist with some types of artificial hips even as researchers scramble to evaluate the health dangers.

An analysis of federal data by The New York Times indicates that the Food and Drug Administration has received more than 5,000 reports since January about several widely used devices known as metal-on-metal hips, more than the agency had received about those devices in the previous four years combined.

The vast majority of filings appear to reflect patients who have had an all-metal hip removed, or will soon undergo such a procedure because a device failed after only a few years; typically, replacement hips last 15 years or more.

The mounting complaints confirm what many experts have feared — that all-metal replacement hips are on a trajectory to become the biggest and most costly medical implant problem since Medtronic recalled a widely used heart device component in 2007. About 7,700 complaints have been filed in connection with that recall.

Though immediate problems with the hip implants are not life-threatening, some patients have suffered crippling injuries caused by tiny particles of cobalt and chromium that the metal devices shed as they wear.

Hip replacement is one of the most common procedures in the United States and, until a recent sharp decline, all-metal implants — one in which both the artificial ball and cup are made of metal — accounted for nearly one-third of the estimated 250,000 replacements performed each year. According to one estimate, some 500,000 patients have received an all-metal replacement hip.

One of the most problematic devices, the A.S.R., or Articular Surface Replacement, was recalled last year by Johnson & Johnson and accounted for 75 percent of the complaints reviewed by The Times. A precise count of failed implants reported to the F.D.A. is hard to come by because of the agency’s overlapping reporting system, though The Times sought to eliminate duplicate reports about the same incident. Some complaints came from outside the United States.

Under F.D.A. rules, many all-metal devices were sold without testing in patients or without a requirement that producers track their performance. But in an unusual intervention, the F.D.A. in May ordered producers to study how frequently the devices were failing and to examine the threat to patients. Now, researchers say, producers face substantial hurdles in recruiting the hundreds of patients needed to conduct sound studies because of the lack of patient registries.

“They are grasping at how they are going to get this information,” said Dr. Robert S. Namba, an orthopedic surgeon with Kaiser Permanente.

In addition, researchers are struggling to understand the tissue damage caused by the metallic debris. While some patients experience pain, other patients with the same damage have no pain, complicating decisions about whether to remove devices.

As problems and questions grow, most surgeons are abandoning the all-metal hips, saying they are unwilling to expose new patients to potential dangers when safer alternatives — mainly replacements that combine metal and plastic components — are available. Some researchers also fear that many all-metal hips suffer from a generic flaw. Current use of all metal devices has plummeted to about 5 percent of the market, though a few of the models are performing relatively well in select patients.

“It is like playing Russian roulette,” said Dr. Geoffrey H. Westrich, an orthopedic surgeon at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York, who has stopped using all-metal implants.

Dr. William Maisel, the chief scientist of the F.D.A. division that oversees medical devices, said he believed that producers would mount rigorous studies and find answers. But he acknowledged that it could take several years.

“There is not an existing infrastructure for studying this kind of information,” Dr. Maisel said.

For many patients, it is too late. In 2008, Ann Morrison, a physical therapist from Newark, Del., received all-metal replacements for both of her hips. But Ms. Morrison, 50, soon experienced pain, rashes and inflammation.

Last year, the devices were replaced, but by then, she said, debris-caused tissue damage was so extensive that she now needs a brace to walk and still cannot work. She called the F.D.A.’s order for medical studies a “joke.”

“We will be the little crash test dummies here until they figure out the health ramifications for us down the road,” said Ms. Morrison, who has sued the DePuy division of Johnson & Johnson, which made her implants.

To conduct its analysis, The Times reviewed complaints filed with the F.D.A. from 2007 through this June for several implants, including the A.S.R. and the Durom cup, a component sold by Zimmer Holdings.

Typically, the number of complaints filed with the F.D.A. about a product understates a problem because while companies must file reports, doctors and patients do not have to. The filing volume for the A.S.R. and the Durom cup probably reflects a surge of lawsuits filed against their makers.

The Times review found some 7,500 complaints about the A.S.R., nearly 5,000 of them coming since January. In the case of the Durom cup, about 1,600 complaints were filed with the regulator from 2007 to this June.

Because complaints to the F.D.A. are not uniform, it is impossible to say how many adverse reports about all-metal hips have been submitted. For example, the Times analysis found some 200 complaints about an all-metal version of another DePuy device called the Pinnacle as well as 400 additional complaints that noted metal-related problems in Pinnacle patients. But the Pinnacle is sold in several versions, so it was not clear how many of the metal-related complaints were linked to the all-metal device.

A spokesman for Zimmer Holdings said the Times review was “in the ballpark” of the company’s assessment of the drug administration’s filings. A DePuy spokeswoman declined to disclose the number of A.S.R. complaints that the company forwarded to the F.D.A. She maintained that the Pinnacle was performing well.

DePuy, Zimmer and another producer of metal hips, Wright Medical, declined to discuss the study proposals they had submitted to the F.D.A. to comply with its May order. A fourth company, Biomet, said it had proposed mounting a study of 400 patients who received its devices that would draw in part on studies already under way. The F.D.A. declined to release producers’ proposals, saying that they contained “confidential commercial information.” The agency has until November to decide on the plans’ adequacy.

In an effort to recruit patients, companies have recently contacted, researchers said, health systems like Kaiser Permanente and hospitals that operate their own implant registries.

Meanwhile, researchers say it may be a year before standard protocols are formulated that may be central to the future studies, like a uniform procedure to measure metallic ions in a patient’s blood or how to calibrate diagnostic equipment to best detect tissue damage.

paralyzed: emaaa($1900)aa$ … 230811

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 12:46 am

Gold Tops $1,900 for First Time
By Phoebe Sedgman and Debarati Roy – Aug 22, 2011

Gold extended its rally to a record above $1,900 as mounting concern that the global economy is faltering spurred demand for bullion as a protection of wealth.

Goldman Sachs Group Inc. lowered its forecast for U.S. growth in 2011 on signs that the recovery in the largest economy lost momentum. German Chancellor Angela Merkel attempted to shut the door on common euro-area bonds as a means to solve the debt crisis, saying she won’t let financial markets dictate policy.

Gold is in the 11th year of a bull market. Prices have more than doubled since the end of 2008 as governments worldwide struggled with debt crises and as record low U.S. borrowing costs boosted the appeal of bullion as a hedge against inflation.

“People are losing confidence in monetary management,” Nick Barisheff, who helps manage $650 million as the president of Toronto-based Bullion Management Group Inc., said in a telephone interview. “Gold has been a form of currency for the last 3,000 years and will continue to be so.”

Gold futures for December delivery gained as much as 1.4 percent to $1,917.90 an ounce and traded at $1,911 at 6:34 a.m. Singapore time on the Comex in New York.
Central Banks

Central banks are adding to their reserves of the metal for the first time in a generation. They have bought 198 metric tons of gold so far this year, Marcus Grubb, the managing director of investment at the World Gold Council, said on Aug. 18.

“Both central banks and individual investors are eying gold as this is the probably the only investment where they do not have to worry about the value being eroded,” Barisheff said.

Holdings in exchange-traded products backed by gold touched 2,216.8 tons Aug. 8, the most ever, data compiled by Bloomberg show. The U.S. Mint’s sales of American Eagle gold coins have totaled 91,000 ounces so far in August, the most since May.

The metal gained 34 percent this year. The MSCI All-Country World Index fell 12 percent, the Standard & Poor’s GSCI Index of 24 commodities rose 2.3 percent, while Treasuries returned 7.7 percent, a Bank of America Merrill Lynch index showed.

“I would say that we will reach $2,000 by the end of this year and higher levels over the years,” Louise Yamada, managing director of Louise Yamada Technical Research Advisors LLC in New York, said in a telephone interview.

Maraknya gadai emas di perbankan syariah saat ini karena tingginya harga emas. Hal itu membuat pegadaian harus bersaing dengan perbankan syariah. Mengenai fenomena tersebut, Bank Indonesia (BI) mengatakan belum berencana untuk membatasi gadai emas di perbankan syariah tapi akan tetap didiskusikan dengan Dewan Syariah Nasional (DSN)

Deputi Gubernur BI Halim Alamsyah menjelaskan kondisi pasar emas sekarang memang sedang bagus, dan dia juga mengakui persaingan perbankan syariah cukup ketat dengan Perum Pegadaian.

“Memang itu harus didiskusikan dengan DSN terlebih dahulu. Tapi kalau Pegadaian kan itu bisa didiskusikan oleh mereka sendiri melalui regulatornya,” jelas Halim seusai buka bersama Partner di Ibis Hotel, Jakarta, Senin (22/8/2011) malam

Lebih lanjut dia menambahkan pegadaian memiliki regulator yang berbeda dengan perbankan syariah, yaitu Bapepam-LK. Dan sambung Halim, saat ini perbankan syariah memang sangat gencar berbisnis gadai emas karena saat ini masih tahap “mencontek” industri yang sudah sebelumnya sukses berbisnis emas.

“Inovasi di industri perbankan dan keuangan konvensional itu sangat beragam, sehingga sudah pasti selalu diikuti oleh perbankan syariah, contohnya ya gadai emas itu,” tambahnya

Halim juga menjelaskan juga antara dua jenis bisnis syariah, yaitu sharia compliance dan sharia based. Sharia compliance adalah produk industri perbankan syariah yang selalu mencari produk-produk konvensional yang tidak melanggar syariah. Sedangkan sharia based adalah cara perbankan syariah yang benar-benar harus sesuai dengan regulasi syariah.

http://economy.okezone.com/read/2011/08/23/320/495139/bi-pantau-persaingan-gadai-emas-perbankan-syariah-pegadaian

Sumber : OKEZONE.COM

Agustus 22, 2011

paralyzed: emaaa($1876)aa$ … 220811

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 8:37 am

JAKARTA: Kenaikan harga emas tahun ini dinilai akan menjadi yang terkuat dalam 3 dekade seiring investor dan bank sentral meningkatkan kepemilikan mereka di tengah kekhawatiran terjadinya resesi ekonomi karena memburuknya krisis utang Eropa dan AS.

Menurut perkiraan tengah dalam survei Bloomberg dari 13 pedagang dan analis pada konferensi di Kovalam, India Selatan, hingga akhir tahun ini harga emas diperkirakan mencapai US$2.000 per ounce, memperpanjang keuntungan tahunan menjadi 41%. Hal tersebut, menurut data Bloomberg, menjadi yang tertinggi sejak lonjakan 127% pada 1979.

Menurut Kepala Riset Real Time Futures, Wahyu Laksono, harga emas pekan ini bergerak cukup kuat untuk menuju US$1.900 per ounce.

“Hari ini emas masih memiliki ruang untuk melampaui US$1.876 per ounce dan mengetes level US$1.888-US$1.898 per ounce,” tulisnya dalam pesan singkat kepada Bisnis.

Harga logam mulia telah naik dalam tahun ke-11 seiring kepemilikan produk yang diperdagangkan di bursa mencapai rekor pada 8 Agustus dan bank sentral menambah cadangan mereka untuk pertama kalinya setelah satu generasi.

Sementara itu menurut data regulator pekan lalu, George Soros, investor-miliarder, memotong kepemilikannya pada SPDR Gold Trust tahun ini karena harga menguat, sementara miliarder John Paulson mempertahankan saham terbesarnya.

“Data ekonomi, masalah utang, dan masalah keseimbangan neraca, semua itu telah mengakar dan akan membutuhkan beberapa tahun untuk bekerja di luar sistem dan itulah mengapa masih bullish pada tren harga emas,” kata Paul Walker, kepala unit dari logam mulia global pada lembaga peneliti GFMS Ltd kepada Bloomberg.

Harga emas untuk pengiriman segera melaju 1,5% ke rekor US$1.879,05 per ounce hari ini dan diperdagangkan pada US$1.872,35 per ounce pukul 11:29 di Singapura. Harga naik 6% pekan lalu, terbesar sejak Januari 2009.

Kenaikan harga juga terjadi setelah ekonom Morgan Stanley memotong perkiraan pertumbuhan global tahun ini dan mengatakan Amerika Serikat dan Eropa “nyaris resesi.” JPMorgan Chase & Co mengatakan ekonomi AS tumbuh kurang dari proyeksi sebelumnya pada 2 kuartal berikutnya seiring sentimen konsumen anjlok dan pasar perumahan gagal untuk mendapatkan momentum.

“Emas adalah mata uang dunia saat ini, di saat dunia yakin bahwa otoritas moneter dan fiskal cenderung untuk tidak melakukan sesuatu dengan benar dan segalanya jadi salah saat mereka datang untuk menyelesaikan masalah fiskal dunia,” ujar Dennis Gartman, ekonom yang dengan benar memprediksi kemorosotan komoditas 2008.

Sementara itu Bank of America Merrill Lynch, dalam laporannya, mengangkat target harga emas dalam 12 bulan sampai US$2.000 per ounce di tengah kemungkinan meluncurnya pelonggaran moneter di AS.

http://www.bisnis.com/articles/kenaikan-harga-emas-tertinggi-dalam-3-dekade

Sumber : BISNIS.COM

Agustus 20, 2011

paralyzed: emaaa($1880)aa$ … 200811

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 2:15 am

Gold Tops $1,880 in Long Week’s Rally
By Debarati Roy and Maria Kolesnikova – Aug 19, 2011

Gold rose to a record above $1,880 an ounce in New York, rallying for the seventh straight week, as concern that the global economy is slowing drove equities lower.

The metal had its longest run of weekly gains since April 2007 as worse-than-expected U.S. economic data and Europe’s debt crisis boost speculation that growth will falter. The MSCI All- Country World Index of equities fell as much as 1.7 percent, heading for the fourth straight weekly drop, after Morgan Stanley cut forecasts for global growth.

“Lack of confidence in the global economy is pushing people towards gold,” Tom Pawlicki, a Chicago-based analyst at MF Global Holdings Ltd., said in a telephone interview. “Gold will continue to advance unless leaders are able to resolve the European or U.S. debt crisis.”

Gold for December delivery gained $30.20, or 1.7 percent, to settle at $1,852.20 on the Comex at 1:42 p.m. in New York, after touching $1,881.40, the highest ever. Prices have gained 6.3 percent this week, the most since February 2009, and 14 percent this month.

In London, the metal is in the 11th year of a bull market for spot prices, the longest winning streak since at least 1920.
Financial Problems

“Gold is the currency of the world at the moment, with the world convinced that the monetary and fiscal authorities are likely to do nothing right and everything wrong when it comes to resolving the world’s current fiscal problems,” Dennis Gartman, the economist who correctly forecast 2008’s commodities slump, said in his daily Gartman Letter today.

Investors want to protect their wealth from declining equities, depreciating currencies and accelerating consumer prices. Gold may climb next week amid concern about debt crises and slowing growth, a Bloomberg News survey showed.

Sweden’s financial regulator said lenders must do more to prepare for a worsening debt crisis in the region as the Wall Street Journal reported American regulators are intensifying scrutiny of the U.S. arms of Europe’s largest banks.

“Medium term, the disorder of the global monetary system and long-term inflation threat will amplify gold’s nature as a currency and an inflation hedge,” said Cai Hongyu, an analyst at China International Capital Corp., the country’s biggest investment bank.

Silver futures for December delivery advanced $1.751, or 4.3 percent, to $42.467 an ounce on the Comex. Earlier, prices surged to $42.67, highest since May 3.

On the New York Mercantile Exchange, palladium futures for September delivery fell $8.20, or 1.1 percent, to $748.80 an ounce. The price gained 0.1 percent this week.

Platinum futures for October delivery advanced $27.20, or 1.5 percent, to $1,874.90 an ounce. That marked the 10th straight gain, the longest rally since October 2007.

Agustus 19, 2011

paralyzed: emaaa(Rp552K)aa$ … 190811

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 3:29 am

Setelah sempat surut sejenak, harga emas batangan di dalam negeri kembali menlonjak. Hari ini (19/9), divisi Logam Mulia PT Aneka Tambang Tbk (Antam) menjual harga emas batangan dengan harga tertinggi hingga Rp 552.000 per gram. Ini berlaku untuk pembelian emas batangan seberat 1 gram.

Sementara, harga emas batangan seberat 1 kilogram (kg) yang biasa menjadi acuan pasar kini telah mencapai Rp 510.000 per gram. Sejauh catatan KONTAN, ini merupakan rekor harga tertinggi baru untuk emas batangan seberat 1 kg. Sebelumnya, rekor harga emas batangan untuk berat yang sama adalah Rp 503.000 per gram. Harga tersebut tercapai pada tanggal 11 Agustus lalu.

Pergerakan harga emas batangan ini mengekor harga kontrak emas di New York yang semalam juga sempat menembus rekor baru di angka US$ 1.839,8 per troy ounce (setara 31,1 gram). Buruknya data-data perekonomian Amerika Serikat menjadi pemicu kenaikan harga emas tersebut. Maklum, dalam kondisi ekonomi yang terpuruk, investor akan cenderung mencari emas sebagai alat untuk melindungi nilai uang mereka.

Catatan saja, harga di atas merupakan harga jual yang ditetapkan Logam Mulia untuk para konsumennya. Jika ingin menghitung perkiraan keuntungan investasi di emas batangan, kita harus melihat harga beli kembali (buy back) yang ditetapkan oleh Logam Mulia saat ini.

Nah, harga pembelian kembali (buyback) yang berlaku hari ini adalah Rp 495.000 per gram. Pada akhir 2010, harga jual emas batangan 1 kg di Logam Mulia masih Rp 414.000 pergram. Artinya, tahun ini, emas batangan telah memberikan keuntungan sekitar 23%.

Berikut ini adalah daftar harga dan persediaan emas batangan di Logam Mulia per 19-08-2011, pukul 8:15:00

sumber: http://www.logammulia.com
Gram     Price per Bar (Rp)     Price per Gram (Rp)     Stock
1     552.000     552.000     ———
2     1.062.000     531.000     Ready
2.5     1.317.000     526.800     Ready
3     1.572.000     524.000     Ready
4     2.082.000     520.500     Ready
5     2.602.500     520.500     Ready
10     5.165.000     516.500     ———
25     12.837.000     513.480     Ready
50     25.597.000     511.940     Ready
100     51.124.000     511.240     ———
250     127.580.000     510.320     Ready
1000     510.000.000     510.000     ———

http://investasi.kontan.co.id/v2/read/1313720639/75731/Kembali-cetak-rekor-hari-ini-emas-batangan-Logam-Mulia-tembus-Rp-552.000

Sumber : BISNIS.COM

Agustus 18, 2011

paralyzed: emaaa($1817)aa$ … 180811

Filed under: EMAS or GOLD...ce'ileh... — bumi2009fans @ 3:53 pm

Caraca—Presiden Venezuela Hugo Chaves mengumumkan kebijakan negaranya untuk menarik cadangan emas negara tersebut senilai USD11 miliar yang berada di bank-bank Amerika Serikat (AS) dan Eropa. “Kita akan membawa kembali emas kami ke Bank Sentral,” kata Chavez  dikutip dari Associated Press, Kamis (18/8)

Chavez mengatakan kebijakan penarikan dari cadangan emas ini dimaksudkan untuk melindungi negara penghasil minyak ini dari krisis yang menghantam AS dan Eropa. Namun belum diketahui kapan penarikan emas tersebut akan dilakukan.

Sementara itu, Presiden Bank Sentral Venezuela Nelson Merentes menyatakan bahwa pemindahan cadangan emas itu sedang dibawa pulang dengan hati-hati. “Pada saat ada gangguan seperti ini, lebih baik kita mengembalikan aset-aset kami seperti emas,” ungkap Merentes.

Bank Sentral Venezuela mengumumkan bahwa negara tersebut memiliki USD17,9 miliar emas dari total USD28,6 miliar cadangan internasional. Sementara itu, sekitar USD4,6 miliar cadangan emasnya disimpan di Bank of England.

Dalam laporan tersebut disebutkan pula bahwa cadangan emas Venezuela tersebut di antaranya berada di bank AS JP Morgan Chase, Barclays Inggris, HSBC dan Standard Chartered, BNP Paribas Prancis, dan Bank Nova Scotia Kanada.

Sementara itu, Pemerintah Venezuela juga sedang mencari diversifikasi lainnya untuk menyimpan cadangan non-emas negara tersebut. “Kita akan diversifikasi ke negara-negara yang memiliki ekonomi lebih solid,” ujar Merentes.

Adapun cadangan non-emas senilai USD6,3 miliar dalam bentuk deposito dan obligasi harus dikaji dan segera dipindahkan dari bank-bank AS dan Eropa ke negara-negara yang dianggap aman seperti China, Rusia, dan Brasil, serta negara lain di Asia dan Amerika Latin. **cahyo

Sumber : NERACA.CO.ID

Chavez Orders $11 Billion of Gold Home
By Daniel Cancel and Nathan Crooks – Aug 18, 2011

Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez ordered the central bank to repatriate $11 billion of gold reserves held in developed nations’ institutions such as the Bank of England as prices for the metal rise to a record.

Venezuela, which holds 211 tons of its 365 tons of gold reserves in U.S., European, Canadian and Swiss banks, will progressively return the bars to its central bank’s vault, Chavez said yesterday. JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM), Barclays Plc (BARC), and Standard Chartered Plc (STAN) also hold Venezuelan gold, he said.

“We’ve held 99 tons of gold at the Bank of England since 1980. I agree with bringing that home,” Chavez said yesterday on state television. “It’s a healthy decision.”

Chavez, whose government depends on oil for 95 percent of its export revenue, is looking to diversify Venezuela’s cash reserves from U.S. and European banks to include investments in emerging markets including Brazil, China, India, Russia and South Africa, central bank President Nelson Merentes said yesterday. The world’s 15th-largest holder of gold is bringing back its gold after a 28 percent rally in the price this year.

Venezuela’s reserves stood at $28.6 billion on Aug. 16. Finance Minister Jorge Giordani said that the weakening U.S. dollar, a near-default by the U.S. government and the European sovereign debt crisis threaten Venezuela’s savings and they will be more secure at home and in “allied” countries.
‘Green Light’

Chavez, speaking by phone on state television last night, said he signed the document yesterday authorizing the transfer of the gold reserves. “I said, ‘I give my absolute approval to this idea’,” Chavez said. “I gave it the green light.”

The central bank already has about $7 billion of gold in its vaults. Of the country’s liquid reserves, which amount to about $6.3 billion, 59 percent are held in Switzerland, 18 percent in the U.K and about 11 percent in the U.S., according to a government report.

The government may be moving to repatriate reserves ahead of arbitration case rulings to avoid an “attachment risk” that could freeze international assets, Boris Segura, a New York- based strategist at Nomura Securities, said in a research note.

The repatriation and diversification of reserves may also cloud transparency of government holdings, which would be a negative for the country’s credit, he said.
Lack of Transparency

“We sense that Venezuelan debt prices already incorporate a sizeable ‘lack of transparency’ premium,” Segura said. “However, looking at the possible geopolitical signals that these proposed policies communicate, we fear that Venezuelan bond prices may suffer.”

In all, Venezuela has 365.8 metric tons of gold reserves, according to the World Gold Council.

Chavez’s decision could have “worrisome” implications because of less data transparency and the threat that the gold stock could be used for politically motivated spending ahead of next year’s presidential elections, RBS Securities Inc. said.

“It is clear that the motivation appears mostly to fit a political agenda to align with strategic political partners and retaliate against the recent U.S. sanctions on fears that assets might at some point be frozen,” RBS Latin American analysts Felipe Hernandez and Siobhan Morden wrote in a note.
Borrowing Costs

Venezuela has the highest borrowing costs among major emerging-market countries. The extra yield investors demand to own Venezuelan government bonds instead of U.S. Treasuries rose 43 basis points, 0.43 percentage point, to 1,233 basis points today at 9:20 a.m. in New York, according to JPMorgan & Chase Co.’s EMBI+.

Yields on the government’s benchmark 9.25 percent bonds maturing in 2027 rose 47 basis points to 14.02 percent at 9:20 a.m. in New York, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The price fell 2.28 cents on the dollar to 69.84 cents.

Chavez also said yesterday that he’s preparing a decree to nationalize the gold industry to halt illegal mining and dedicate local production to building up reserves.

Of 17 arbitration cases pending against Venezuela in the World Bank’s International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, at least three of them are over mining ventures, including Crystallex International Corp. (KRY), a Canadian gold producer whose Las Cristinas mine was taken over by the government in February.

Gold Reserve Inc. (GRZ), a Spokane, Washington-based mining company, is seeking $2.1 billion in damages after its Las Brisas gold and copper project was seized in May 2008.
No Surprise

“Today’s announcement is not surprising,” Doug Belander, Gold Reserve president, said yesterday in an interview. “We believe that their objective all along was to take over the entire industry.”

The South American country, in an effort to boost stalled production and take advantage of rising prices, last year relaxed restrictions on gold exports to allow some companies and joint ventures with the government to send as much as 50 percent of their output abroad.

Rusoro Mining Ltd. (RML), a Vancouver-based mining company, is the last publicly traded gold mining company operating in Venezuela. The company’s stock rose 4 percent to 13 Canadian cents as of 10:15 a.m. in Toronto, after yesterday plunging 17 percent to its lowest in almost a decade.

Rusoro Chief Executive Officer Andre Agapov said today that it had not received any indications from the Venezuelan government that its projects in the country would be affected.

“We believe the government’s announcement is targeted toward the many illegal mining operations in Bolivar state,” Agapov said in a statement.
Gold Production

Venezuela produces 11 metric tons of gold a year, and illegal miners extract an additional 10 to 11 tons a year, Chavez said in May.

Venezuela’s National Guard first seized control of the Las Cristinas mine, which has reserves of about 27 million ounces, in November 2001 from Canada’s Vanessa Ventures.

Gold futures for December delivery rose $24.30, or 1.4 percent, to $1,815.50 an ounce on the Comex in New York today at 9:30 a.m. Prices touched a record $1,817.60 on Aug. 11.

“If there isn’t enough room to store the gold in the central bank vaults I can lend you the basement of the Miraflores presidential palace,” Chavez said.

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